History of Northern California




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Dolores Juarez


…a native son of California, was born near Napa, in the original adobe residence of his parents, Cayetamo and Maria J. (Higuerra) Juarez, in 1854.  He received his primary education in the public schools of Napa, and later attended St. Mary’s College at San Francisco, the Oakland College, and St. Augustine College at Benicia.  He returned home at the age of fifteen, and since that time he has been engaged in attending to the various interests connected with his own and his father’s ranch near Napa.  He was married in 1876 to Miss Helene Newhouse, a native of Sierra County, California.  They have three children:  Roy, born July 5, 1877; Ethel, born September 14, 1882; and Vivien, born January 8, 1884.  He is a member of Napa Parlor, No. 62, N S. G. W., and the organizer and leader of the Juarez Orchestra, which has furnished the music for the surrounding country for years past.  His father was the earliest locater of land in the Napa Valley, having been granted, in 1841, by Governor Manuel Jimeno, a tract of 8,865 58-100ths acres, called the Tulcay Rancho, which extended from the Suscol Creek on the south to Arroyo Sarco on the north, and to the Napa River on the west.  He was a Mexican soldier from his early boyhood, joining the army in 1827, and took a very active part in the control of the Indian population, fighting those that were insubordinate, and managing and caring for on his ranch those who were peaceful.  In 1840 he removed to the grant above mentioned, where he built the original adobe house in which he lived until 1845.  In that year he built the second old large adobe, which is still occupied.  In the year 1854 he was elected the alcalde of the district of Sonoma, in which year a party of twenty Americans assembled near the present site of Healdsburg for some unlawful purpose, when Don Cayetano with a force of men drove them away.  The excitement growing out of this affair continued to increase until the Americans and Mexicans began to look upon each other with general distrust, and finally culminated in what is known as the “Bear Flag War.”  Don Cayetano also owned a rancho of 10,000 acres where Ukian now stands, but this was never confirmed to him by our Government, as he had already disposed of it before the American Land Commission was appointed.  He died in 1883, and is buried in the Tulucay Cemetery, the ground for which was donated by him.  His wife, Madame Maria J. Juarez, was born at the Presidio in 1815.  Her father, Francisco Higuerra, was a soldier and also an interpreter of the Russian language in the intercourse with the Russian settlements in Alaska and on the Russian River.  He built the first wooden house in San Francisco, the material being brought from the mill on the Russian River.  He owned all the lands in the immediate neighborhood of the Presidio, but being lost at sea on a voyage to the Sandwich Islands, his children, who were young at the time, were defrauded of their property.  Mrs. Maria Jesus Juarez survived her husband six years, dying January 7, 1890, aged seventy-four years, one month and twenty-three days, and was buried by the side of her husband. (Pages 310-311)



Edward Frisbie


…President of the Bank of Northern California, is one of Shasta County’s prominent citizens and business men.  A brief sketch of his life is as follows:


He was born in Albany, New York, November 18, 1826, the son of Eleazer and Cynthia (Cornell) Frisbie, both natives of the State of New York, the former of French ancestry and the latter of English.  He was the fourth born in the family, was reared on his father’s farm and received his early education in Albany.  At the age of fourteen young Frisbie left home to work on a farm at six dollars per month.  He worked out four years and in the meantime attended school six months at the Albany Academy.  April 16, 1846, he was united in marriage to Miss Phebe Ann Klink, a beautiful young girl of his own county.  He started a small dairy at Albany and continued it successfully for four years.  At the end of that time he removed to Syracuse and purchased a farm, remaining there seven years.


In 1855 he sold out and came to California and settled in Napa County.  He purchased a farm five miles from Vallejo, where he farmed successfully for twenty-two years.  In 1877 Mr. Frisbie purchased 20,000 acres of the Redding grant, covering the towns of Redding and Anderson.  He divided the property up, put it on the market and sold it off, having disposed of the last of it in 1885.  He engaged in lumbering on the Pitt River, floated the logs to Redding and sawed them there.  In 1888 he formed a banking corporation, composed of the following gentlemen:  E. Frisbie, F. H. Deakin, J. McCormick, Captain T. G. Taylor and T. A. C. Doland.  They gave it the name of the Bank of Northern California.  They started with a capital of $100,000.  Mr. Frisbie was elected President, which position he still occupies.  He also has large farming interests in this State; owns a stock-ranch of 920 acres on the Bald Hills in Shasta County, where he is raising cattle and horses.  With one of his sons and another gentleman Mr. Frisbie is farming 12,000 acres of land in Monterey County.  On this place they have a large dairy.  About one-half of the place is being cultivated.  On it they harvested 63,000 sacks of wheat and barley.


There were born to Mr. Frisbie by his first wife eleven children, all of whom are married and have children of their own.  At this writing Mr. Frisbie has twenty-four grandchildren.  July 17, 1886, after a useful and happy life, Mrs. Frisbie was called home.  The loss of this loving and indulgent mother and true and devoted wife was deeply felt by her family and many friends.  In June, 1887, Mr. Frisbie wedded Miss Laura A. Walden, a native of California and daughter of Mr. Jerome Walden, an early settler of the State.  This union is blessed with a daughter, Edwina Fay.


Mr. Frisbie’s brother, now General J. B. Frisbie, was a Captain of one of the companies in General Stevenson’s regiment, and came with that regiment to California in 1846.  He is now a resident of Mexico.  Another brother, Eleazer, came to this State with the same regiment.  General J. B. Frisbie and Dr. L. C. Frisbie married General Vallejo’s daughters.  Dr. Frisbie has resided at Vallejo since 1852.


Previous to the civil war the subject of this sketch was a Democrat, but he voted for John C. Fremont, and has since given his vote and influence to the Republican party.  In all business matters he is very exact, both to give and receive what is just.  In public affairs he has always been very liberal, having given much to aid in the many improvements made in his section of the country.  He is one of the citizens of California, who, by his industry, integrity and well-directed efforts, has risen to an enviable position in a business point of view, not only in Shasta County but also throughout Northern California.  (Pages 311-312)




Calvin C. Griffith


…horticulturist, Napa County, who is one of the oldest pioneers of this place, having crossed the plains in 1845 with the new historical train that brought out the Hudsons, Yorks and many other well-known names in California, and that was the first train that brought wagons over the Sierra Nevadas.  The hardships of that truly pioneer journey, the road-making through the mountains, is all a part of history and need not be enlarged upon here.  Yet notwithstanding it all, and despite his sixty-one years, Mr. Griffith is still a young-looking, hardy, healthy as well as hard-working man.  He was born in Chatham County, North Carolina, the son of James A. Griffith, and grandson of Mason Griffith, who served honorably throughout the Revolutionary war.  On the father’s side he is of an old Welsh family.  On his mother’s side the family is English, of the name of Rogers, also an old family, so that it will be seen Mr. Griffith comes of old families on both sides of the house.  In 1835 the family removed to Macon County, Missouri, and engaged in farming and stock-raising.  The years later, in 1845, the family set out as already mentioned for the West.  Oregon was at first the destination, but meeting a man at Fort Hall, by name Greenwood, he gave them such glowing accounts of California that a part of the train, among them the subject of this sketch, set out for this place, under Greenwood’s guidance.  They reached Johnson’s ranch, the first point in the Sacramento Valley, on October 17, and pushed on at once to Sutter’s fort, glad enough to get a supply of fresh provisions.  The Sacramento River was crossed on rafts, and on November 1, when at the Yount place in the Napa Valley.  Mr. Griffith’s father rented a portion of the Yount ranch, now owned by Colonel J. D. Fry, and put in grain.  The outbreak of the Mexican war, shortly after, however, disturbed all plans, and the family was forced to take refuge at Sonoma.  The following incidents of that contest with its important results and the raising of the Bear flag, are related fully elsewhere and need not be gone into here.  Mr. Griffith was a volunteer in Fremont’s force, and saw active service for the greater portion of a year, being at the occupation of Los Angeles, and later at San Gabriel.  In the spring of 1847 he was finally honorably discharged and returned at once to Sonoma.  During this war he was first in the company commanded by Captain Hastings, was transferred at Monterey to that of Captain Sears, and in the southern country to Captain Hudspeth.  He engaged in farming and stock-raising at Sonoma, although not there constantly.  Mr. Griffith and Ben Moore were the men sent up to Clear Lake, in Lake Couunty, after the murder of Kelsey and Stone by the Indians, to look after their cattle.  They found Kelsey’s head stuck in the window of their cabin.  The Indians, however, did not molest them, but they had some very exciting adventures.  Returning to the Napa Valley in 1853, he farmed near St. Helena till December, 1856.  He then went to Sonoma County, near Santa Rosa, and engaged in agriculture until 1871, when he once more came to Napa Valley, after a short sojourn of four months at Knight’s Valley, and bought land near Rutherford.  He then sold in 1883 and purchased his present place on the eastern edge of the valley, and where he resides with his family.  He raises grapes, having a good-sized vineyard, hay, grain and stock.  For four years past Mr. Griffith has been Road Master of road district No. 6, having forty-five miles of road under his charge.  He is one of the most highly respected and popular men of the valley, known by everyone and regarded by all as an excellent citizen.  He was married, September 6, 1855, to Miss Lydia Sensibaugh, at St. Helena.  Mrs. Griffith is the daughter of Colonel Robert Sensibaugh, who has been a pioneer of more than one State, and is still living at the good old age of eighty-three years, in Wise County, Texas, to which place he went from California in 1861.  Mrs. Griffith was born in Dade County, Missouri, in 1838, and came overland with her parents in 1852, residing from that time till the date of her marriage to Mr. Griffith in Napa Valley.


Mr. Sensibaugh is of German descent, the son of Adam Sensibaugh.  He married the daughter of Enoch Hudson, who was the father of the well-known Hudsons of Napa County.  Mr. And Mrs. Griffith have seven children living and three deceased.  The names of those living are: Oliver C., who is at San Francisco; Mary E., now Mrs. Harmon, and living at Los Angeles: Alice M., the wife of Fred W. Loeber, of St. Helena, a notice of whom appears elsewhere; Clara A., now Mrs. Taplin and residing near Home; Albert G., farming in Chiles Valley; George and Jesse both at home.  (Pages 312-313)




Silas L. Savage, M. D.


…Livermore, California, was born at North Windsor, Kenebec County, Maine, August 29, 1842, and was but about fourteen years of age when he removed with his parents to Lee Center, Lee County, Illinois, where he attended school at the Lee Center Academy for about three years, when his parents again moved (in the fall of 1859), settling in Auburn, Sangamon County, Illinois, where he commenced the study of dentistry; and soon after getting into practice he took up the study of medicine, and graduated at the Homeopathic Medical College of Missouri, in St. Louis, in 1874, and entered into partnership with the late Dr. W. C. F Hempstead for the practice of medicine in Edwardsville, Illinois.  On account of the failing health of Dr. Hempltead, he removed with him (together with their families) by rail to California.  Stopped a short time in Marysville, and after going through the memorable “flood” of January, 1875, he dissolved partnership with Dr. Hempstead, and located at Wheatland, California, where he did a large practice for about three years.  His health failing, on account of the unhealthfulness of the climate, together with overwork, he removed to Santa Rosa, California, and remained three years, and in January, 1881, came to Livermore in hopes of recuperation by change of climate, which he partially realized.  Since his arrival here he has practiced dentistry only, in which he has a good patronage.


He was married March 18, 1867, to Miss Delia C. Hempstead, of Virden, Illinois, and has three children living, namely:  Frank L., Emma. And May L.  He is a member of Mosaic Lodge, No. 218, F. & A. M., of Livermore, and Sutter Lodge, No. 100, I. O. O. F., of Wheatland. (Pages 313-314)




P. T. Teale


It is not always the life of most variety and incident that is of the most value to the country, but rather that of the man who honestly and diligently conducts his affairs, doing fairly and honorable by himself, his fellow man and his Maker.  Yet it is hard for any man who came to California in the early days not to have seen and experienced a very great deal, as will be seen in this short sketch of Mr. P. T. Teale, a worthy and respected pioneer of Napa Valley.  He was born on the island of Santa Cruz, in the West Indies, in 1826, his father being a manager of a sugar estate on that island, and of English descent.  His mother was a native of France.  In 1832 the family removed to America, settling at Lachine, near Montreal, in Canada, being induced to do so by two uncles, Colonels Anderson and Viscount, formerly of the British army, serving in the war of 1812, who had settled in Montreal.  After six years in Canada, the family went to Cleveland, Ohio, and two years later to Coshocton County, same State, where Mr. Teale resided until he set out for California, fifteen years later.  Here he was married in 1848, to Miss Mary A. Tucker, daughter of R. P. Tucker, the old California pioneer of 1846, mention of whom and her brother, especially in connection with their rescue of the survivors of the Donner party, will be found elsewhere.  They had two children when in 1852 they crossed the plains to California, meeting with the usual hardships and difficulties, but fortunately coming through safely.  Mr. Teale brought cattle out with him, and came on directly to Napa
County, taking only an interesting look at the mines as they passed through.


He settled at a point first about three miles below his present place, but nine years later came up within a mile of Calistoga, and purchased a ranch of 300 acres of as fine and fertile a soil as any in the world.  He still retains 170 acres where he resides, and is passing the remainder of a useful and well-spent life in a comfortable home, tree-embowered, and the grounds handsomely adorned by flowers, in one of the most beautiful parts of the county, surrounded by his children, and respected and esteemed by the entire community.  The spot where his house stands, by the way, is the site of the oldest building in the upper end of the county.  The spot was chosen by the old pioneer, John Fowler, as the place to put up his cabin in 1844.  Ben Kelsey, John York and the old pioneers have all lived there.  Mr. Teale relates that it was a famous place for game.  He has often seen bear tracks on the road before his house, and up to twenty-five years ago, they used frequently to kill his hogs.  When the first house was built there four deer were killed within an hour quite near the place.  Mr. Teale himself has killed two California lions inside of a week.  He has paid as high, in the early days, as $30 for a hog, 25 cents a pound for flour, $1.50 a dozen for eggs, $4 apiece for hens, seed wheat 10 cents a pound, etc.  Such prices did not last long, however.


Mr. Teale is a Republican of decided principles, and has frequently been urged by his many friends to permit himself to be brought forward as a candidate for office.  He has, however, always consistently refused, preferring rather to serve his country by attending faithfully to the duties of private life.  One of his brothers is a clergyman in the Baptist Church in Washington, and another still resides in Ohio.  Mr. And Mrs. Teale have five children, viz.:  W. R., living at home; George W., farming across the valley; Charles, farming near home, and married; James, farming near home, and Emma, the wife of E. F. Pratt, of Knight’s Valley.




Jonas Clark, M. D.

Woodland, was born in Waltham, Massachusetts, September 23, 1853.  His father, also named Jonas Clark, was a native of the same State, while his mother, whose maiden name was Rachel S. Bagley, was born in Brookfield, Vermont.  He was educated at the Waltham school and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he remained three years.  He completed his medical course at Harvard University, where he graduated in June, 1875.  In 1874 he received the appointment of Interne of the Massachusetts Charitable Eye and Ear Infirmary, which position he filled until 1877, thus obtaining special opportunities in the treatment of the eye and the ear.  He arrived in California in March, 1877, and in June following located in Yolo County, where he has since been engaged in his chosen calling.  He first settled at Dunnigan’s, then at Yolo and Knights’s Landing, and finally in 1881 opened an office in Woodland.  His competency is well attested by an extensive and lucrative practice.  On the first of August, 1889, he formed a partnership with Dr. L. M. Gray, under the firm name of Clark & Gray.  During his residence here he has also paid considerable attention to citrus culture, having a ranch of 160 acres in Colusa County, where he had at one time a nursery of 5,000 orange trees; but they were destroyed by the rabbit pest two years ago.  During the present year (1889) he set out on his land about thirty acres of peaches.  He also has ten acres of choice land at the town of Escalante, at the mouth of Capay Valley, which was planted in 1889 to citrus fruits.

The Doctor is a member of the orders of Knights of Pythias, Chosen Friends, Foresters and United Workmen,--all at Woodland.  He is also a member of the Medical Society of the State of California, the Yolo County Medical Society, and for a number of years has been secretary of the Yolo County Board of Health.

Dr. Clark was married in June, 1876, to Miss Nora Tiernay, of Boston, Massachusetts, and they have two children, John and Marie, aged ten and twelve years respectively.  (Page 315)


Albert Tauzer

…a farmer eight miles southeast of Woodland, was born June 25, 1834, in Pennsylvania, a son of Andrew and Martha (Bowser) Tauzer, natives of Pennsylvania.  Andrew Tauzer was a foundryman and iron worker by trade all his life.  He moved to Illinois in early day, settling in Hardin County upon land he purchased there, and remained until heath.  Albert was brought upon a farm and was twenty-two years of age when in 1857, he came overland to California, leaving Illinois April 2, and arriving at Georgetown August 31.   The trip was a pleasant one.  He was only one day  ahead of where the great massacre occurred on the Humboldt River.  After mining in El Dorado County four years, with moderate success, he went to Yolo County, and November 27, 1861, homesteaded his present property, 160 acres of choice farming land.  He found it entirely wild and has made of it a complete home.  He has now 960 acres, all in one body.  Does a general farming business.  He has, like nearly all other men, had his drawbacks and disappointments, but his energy and good sense have carried him victoriously through.  In 1887 he suffered a total loss of his residence by fire.

He was married February 11, 1857, to Miss Mary Scroggins, who died December 21, 1874.  They had five children, four of whom are now living, namely, Anderson B., Ellen, George, John Albert and Andrew, deceased.  Mr. Tauzer was again married in 1880, to Miss Caroline Guy, and by this marriage there are two children,--Pearl M. and Eleanor R., both of whom are living.  Mr. Tauzer has a sister in California, who is the wife of J. R. Jones, residing in Yolo County. (Pages 315-316)


Hon. D. B. Carver

…banker, St. Helena, who is the founder and head of the Carver National Bank.  Probably no resident of this town is more widely or favorably known than Mr. Carver, as he has held a semi-official position during the greater part of the twenty-six years of his residence here, having been Postmaster continuously for about twenty years, and retiring only because of the pressure of duties involved by the establishment of the bank.  He was also one of the first to undertake the manufacture of wine at St. Helena, being associated for five years, from 1866 to 1870, in partnership with Mr. H. A. Peller.  Mr. Carver is a native of Harrison County, Ohio, where he was born February 9, 1831.  Early in 1852 he set out for California, via New Orleans and the Nicaragua route, arriving in San Francisco, June 4 of that year.  For six years he mined in Yuba, Placer, and Sacramento counties, meeting with a fair share of success.  His name is still remembered in the neighborhood of the town of Folsom, where he mined for some time.  After a visit to the East in 1858, he returned to Tehama County and was engaged in milling until in 1863 he removed to Napa County and shortly afterward engaged in a general merchantile business, which he continued until he established the bank six years ago.  It was conducted first as a private banking house until August, 1887, when it became the Carver National Bank.  Mr. Carver was married August 1, 1860, to Miss Annie Webber, of Penobscot County, Maine.  One son, D. B., Jr., now a promising lad of sixteen years, is the only living child of this union; another son, Henry, and a daughter, Laura, being deceased.  Mrs. Carver died on June 20, 1884.  Mr. Carver married for the second time in February, 1886, to Miss Minnie A. Logan, the eldest daughter of Mr. J. I. Logan, of St. Helena.  They have two sons, the eldest, Ervin L., born January, 1887, the youngest, Joseph W., born August, 1889.  Mr. Carver is a man of great energy and of decision of character, public-spirited and in every sense a model business man and citizen. (Page 316




James Achilles Douglas


The Douglas family are of Scotch origin.  The great-grandfather of our subject, James Douglas, came from Scotland to the United States long before the Revolutionary war, and after the war settled in
Albermarle County, Virginia, at the foot of the Blue Ridge Mountains, five miles from Charlottesville, and near what was afterward known as the residence of Thomas Jefferson.  The grandfather of the subject of this sketch was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, and he also had two brothers in the war.  The Douglas family continued to make that section of Virginia their home until 1839, when the grandfather, with a part of his family, emigrated to Missouri, two of the sons locating in Cooper County, and a daughter also in that county, while the grandfather, James, and William J., the father of our subject, and John J. Douglas, located in Howard County.  William J. and John J. were in the war of 1812, and participated in the battle of New Orleans.  Thomas Douglas, one of his grandfather’s brothers, went from Virginia to Tennessee in the early settlement of that State and remained there.  Beverly Douglas, his grandfather’s brother, also at an early date settled in Kentucky.  William J. Douglas, his father, was a farmer in Missouri, and raised hemp and tobacco, and died in Howard County in 1875, at the age of eight-seven years, and his father was ninety-four years old when he died, never having had a day’s sickness during his life, never eating more than two meals a day and some days but one meal; he was strong and active, never lost a tooth, and at the time of his death did not have a gray hair in his head.  In William J. Douglas’ family there were three daughters and one son.

The mother of the subject of this sketch, whose maiden name was Ann Bridgwater, was born and raised in Richmond, Vifginia; and her family is probably of German descent.  She died in Virginia in 1827.

James A. Douglas, the subject of this article, was born in Albermarle County, Virginia, on the old plantation, near Charlottesville, March 24, 1827, and therefore was a babe when his mother died.  His father, being a farmer and a slave-owner, gave James into the care of a favorite black nurse, who cared for his wants, etc.  His father and grandfather moved to Missouri in 1839, while young James was left behind and went to school in Virginia until 1842, when he also went to Missouri.  At length he served an apprenticeship of two years and nine months learning the saddlery business, becoming a competent journeyman.  He did all the fine work of the shop, some of which was placed on exhibition and drew the first premium in St. Louis; but he soon abandoned the trade, went to St. Louis and took a position on a river steamer as second clerk, and at the same time began studying the science of river piloting.  He was promoted through the clerkships to the position of pilot, where he commanded a salary of $250 a month.  At the end of five years he bought a drove of mules in Missouri and drove them to Texas and sold them at a profit; and while he was in that State he saw the first gold dust from California, brought there in a goose quill, and he immediately resolved to come to the mining region here.  Returning to his home in Howard County, he found his train had been goon eight weeks; he started in company with John Lowrey, now of Sonoma County, and hurried on until they overtook the train this side of Fort Hall, in Montana Territory.  In Mr. Douglas’ mess were nine men, all young and unmarried, and full of life.  They landed at Sacramento, August 14, 1849.  During the following autumn they built a cabin at Hangtown and followed mining there that winter.  In the following spring the company divided, several of them going over on the Middle Yuba at Washington and mining there during the summer.

In October Mr. Douglas went down to the bay with a brother-in-law who came a little later, and another gentleman named Lewis Walker.  His brother-in-law, Allen Rains, disliked this country, and started back to the East.  While waiting for the steamer at San Francisco, and on the very day it was to sail, the subject of this sketch was tempted also to buy a ticket and go with him; and all three went back together.  On board the vessel Mr. Douglas was taken sea-sick, and at Acapulco they all three left the ship, bought mules and started across Mexico, a distance of 700 miles; while at the city of Mexico they stopped ten days, and hired a guide to take them all over the old battlegrounds.  At Vera Cruz they boarded a little schooner, which took them and thrity-seven other passengers to New Orleans, being a seventeen and a half days on the way.  In February, 1851, Mr. Douglas left New Orleans again for California, visiting en route his people in Missouri and coming by way of ship to Acapulco, at which place he and another party bought a hotel and conducted it for seven months, making considerable money--$14,000.  Coming on to Yolo County he spent the ensuing winter on Cache Creek.  In March he and three other men went to German Bar on the Middle Yuba, where they had a fine supply of water and followed mining; and while thus engaged news reached them of a new place called the Minnesota Diggings, whither 5,000 people congregated within ten days after the discovery of gold there.

In 1852 Mr. Douglas quit mining, came down to the valley and again entered the mule trade.  He again went back to the Atlantic States in October, and in the spring of 1853 brought a drove of horses and mules across the plains to California.  In 1854 he went to Oregon for the purpose of mining, but changed his mind, and, in company with another man, went to packing, making journeys from Crescent City, in Oregon, to Jacksonville, and at that time there was a hostile Indian behind every tree on the trail.  Although he made considerable money in this business, yet it was accompanied by much hard work and exposure, and within five months he returned to the Sacramento Valley.  In 1855 he was elected Sheriff of Yolo County, and served four years, and on October 24, 1860, he married and settled on Cache Creek; but his place there he at length sold, and he bought a quarter section of land a mile northwest of Woodland, put up a fine, large residence on it and made it his home for about seven years.  He sold out again, at a good advantage, and moved to Woodland, in 1878, where he has since resided.  His homestead on Third street consists of five acres.  His residence, which he put up in 1884, cost $10,000, including the ground, and is one of the most elegant in the city.  Mr. Douglas is a true type of a Southern gentleman,--hospitable, genial, social, and a good financier.  In politics he was a sound Democrat.  He was arrested April 5, 1865, as a citizen prisoner by sixty United States soldiers and taken to Fort Alcatraz in the bay of San Francisco, and wore a ball and chain twenty-four days for expressing his Constitutional rights and was released on May 4, 1865, without any trial by court either martial or civil, and without any charges being preferred against him, or without taking the iron-clad oath.  O, justice, what a jewel!

October 24, 1860, is the date of Mr. Douglas’ marriage to Sallie A. Moore, who was born in Platte County, Missouri, March 24, 1842, and came to California in 1853, with her parents.  They settled first in Sacramento county, and moved to Yolo in 1857.  Mrs. Douglas died May 24, 1889, the mother of four daughters, the youngest of whom is deceased.  Her death is a great loss to the family, --a severe one in every sense of the word.  (Pages 316-318)


Thomas B. Smith

…a well known and prominent citizen of Shasta County, came to California in 1853.  He was born in St. Louis, Missouri, March 10, 1844.  His parents, Asa and Jane Smith, were natives of Tennessee.  His father died when he as a child, and his mother married a second husband, with whom she and Thomas B. came to California.  He was only nine years old at that time.  Three years afterward, in 1856, his mother died.  He remained with his step-father two years after her death and then started out in life for himself.  The family had settled in Jackson, Amador County, and Mr. Smith was reared in the mines.  Much of his life since then has been spent as a miner.  After leaving home he mined in the summer, in Nevada County, and went to school in the winter.  With others he became interested in the Hudson River Mining Company, went in debt, and, as the enterprise proved a failure, he lost not only the money he had invested but also a year and a half’s time.

In 1863 he enlisted to help put the rebellion in Company I, Seventh California Volunteer Infantry, for three years or during the war.  After they were drilled they were ordered to Arizona to fight Indians, to their great disappointment, instead of being sent to participate in the war for the Union.  In 1865 they were returned to San Francisco and honorably discharged.  Mr. Smith then went to Moore’s Flat, Nevada County, and engaged in hydraulic mining, continuing there until March, 1867.  At that time he came to the western part of Shasta County, and engaged in mining.

December 5, 1867, Mr. Smith wedded Miss Martha A. McFarlin, a native of Wisconsin, and a daughter of Mr. George McFarlin, a California pioneer.  Their union has been blessed with five sons and two daughters:  George T. and Samuel E., born in French Gulch, Shasta County;  Burton L., Hattie, Fred, Nellie and Harvey were born in western Shasta.

Mr. Smith takes a prominent part in fraternal societies.  He has been through all the chairs in Odd fellowship; a D. D. G. M., and as such instituted Lodge No. 271, at Redding, and No. 254, at Anderson.  He has been a member of the Grand Lodge for sixteen years.  He is also Past Patriarch and a member of the Grand Encampment.  Is Past Master of Clinton Lodge, F. and a. M., and a member of Shasta Chapter, Royal Arch Masons.  He is also a member of the Ancient Order of United Workmen and the Grand Army of the Republic.  In politics he has been a life-long Republican.  In 1880, 1881 and 1882 he was County Deputy Assessor under W. S. Kidder.  In 1882 he was elected County Clerk, and in 1884 he was re-elected for a second term, by a majority of 443.  After having served two terms he was succeeded by Albert F. Ross, and was appointed his deputy, which position he now (1890) fills.  At the general election held November 4, 1890, he was elected to the office of County assessor.

Mr. Smith is a man of excellent habits and good business ability.  Two of his sons have grown up to be honorable young men, and hold positions of trust and responsibility in the city of Redding.

A Memorial & Biographical History of Northern California: Chicago : The Lewis Publishing Company, 1891

Transcribed by Janice Giachino, January, 2007  -  Pages 310-319

Site Created: 29 January 2007

Martha A Crosley Graham

Rights Reserved – 2007