Monterey County California Genealogy and History

Monterey County: Biographies



FELIPE SANTIAGO GARCIA and PETRA ALCANTARA LUGO

Submitted by Gary Carlsen ~ April 15, 2007

Felipe Santiago Garcia
Felipe Santiago Garcia was born about 1748 in Sinaloa, Sinaloa, Mexico, and died in Monterey, Alta California on 9 Nov 1822; he was 74. He was buried on 10 Nov 1822 in Monterey. In 1773 when Felipe Santiago was 25, he married Petra Joaquina Alacantra Lugo, daughter of Juan Salvador Lugo & Maria Josefa Francisca Espinosa, in Sinaloa, Sinaloa, Mexico. Petra was born in 1756 in Sinaloa, Mexico and died in Monterey, Alta California on 1 Nov 1817, she was 61. She was buried on 2 Nov 1817 at San Carlos Mission Cemetery in Monterey.

Notes on Felipe Santiago Garcia:

1748 Birth: Taken from baptism records of children, shown as natural of Villa de Sinaloa. Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I notes.

1773 Marriage: Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I.

1774 Feb: Spanish soldier recruited by Capt. Rivera at Sinaloa for expedition to Alta California, arrived at San Diego Sep 1774, Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I notes.

1774 Nov: child baptized at Mission San Luis Obispo, born shortly beforeore at Oso Flaco, Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I notes. Mission San Luis Obispo Baptisms entry # 86.

1774 Nov: Arrived at Monterey with expedition, wife and one child, Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I notes.

1774-1781: Served at Monterey, Mission San Carlos Baptism Records of six children.

1783-1786: Served at Mission San Antonio, Mission San Antonio Baptism records of three children.

1787-1791: Served at San Gabriel, Mission San Gabriel Baptism Records of three children.

1794-1797: Served at Santa Barbara, Mission Santa Barbara Baptism Records of three children.

1799-1802: Returned to Monterey, Mission San Carlos Baptism Records of three children.

1804 Garrison Census: Listed as Vecinos Agregados at Monterey with wife and eight children.

1822 Death: Listed as retired soldier of Monterey Company, and widower of Petra de Alcantara del Rincon, Mission San Carlos Death records entry #2428.

1822 Burial: See above note. Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I.

Notes on Petra Joaquina Alcantara Lugo:

1756 Birth: Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I. Baptismal records of children show natural Villa de Sinaloa.

1773 Marriage: Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I.

1774: Left Sinaloa with husband as members of Capt. Rivera’s expedition to Alta California. child born at Oso Flaco, and baptized at Mission San Luis Obispo in Nov, arrived Monterey with husband and child. Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I. Mission San Luis Obispo Baptisms entry #86.

1804 Garrison Census: Listed with husband and eight children at Monterey.

1817 Death: Mission San Carlos Deaths entry #2225 wife of Felipe Santiago Garcia of Villa de Sinaloa.

1817 Burial: Mission San Carlos Deaths entry #2225 wife of Felipe Santiago Garcia of Villa de Sinaloa.

Felipe and Petra had the following children:
i. Juan Josef (1774-)
ii. Maria Tomasa de_Jesus (1775-)
iii. Carlos Maria (1776-)
iv. Maria Gertrudis Guadalupe (1777-)
v. Josef Julian (1779-)
vi. Maria de_Jesus (1780-)
vii. Felipe Santiago (1781-)
viii. Maria Antonia
ix. Pascual Antonio
x. Geronima Antonia (-1821)
xi. Francisca Antonia
xii. Josef Antonio (1788-)
xiii. Pedro Antonio (1790-)
xiv. Jose Antonio Inocencio (1791-1878)
xv. Antonia Maria de_Jesus
xvi. Francisca Antonia Casiana (1795-)
xvii. Maria Antonia de_Jesus (1797-)
xviii. Francisca Antonia (1799-)
xix. Maria Tomasa Antonia (1801-1875)
xx. Antonio Rosalia

Felipe Santiago Garcia (the son)
Feilpe Santiago Garcia was the seventh child born to Felipe Garcia and Petra Lugo on the 4th day of December 1781. Following his enlistment in the Spanish army he served at Monterey until 1808, and then Mission Dolores in San Francisco, where on 8 July 1813 mission records show he married Marias Ygnacia and Indian girl who had been baptized at the Mission San Jose. The first of five children, Maria Francisca Xavier, was born there in 1815, and by 1818 Felipe had been sent to Mission Santa Clara where a daughter Maria Gracia de Jesus was born.

Felipe appears to have been reassigned to the Mission at San Juan Bautista about 1821 , as mission records there show a daughter, Concordia Clara, born to him and Maria Ygnasia, in 1822. A child, Clara Constancia, died at the Mission San Carlos in 1828, but a record of her birth has not been located. She may be the same child born in 1822 at San Juan Bautista. The 1836 Garrison Census for Monterey shows one son Jose de Jesus, age 14, born at Monterey, but again his birth has not been located. Mission San Carlos marriage records show another daughter Maria Concepcion marrying in 1842 to Jose Maria Madariaga. Maria Yglacia death was recorded at Mission Santa Clara on 27 November 1823.

Mission San Carlos marriage records show Felipe married the widow of Juan Bautista Cantua, Francisca Jacinta Hernandez, at Monterey on 4 June 1824. Born in 1788 in Mascota, Mexico, Francisca Jacinta died in San Juan Batista, San Benito, California in Jun 1838; she was 50. Mission records show four more children were born of this marriage, three at San Juan Bautista, and one at Monterey prior to Jacintas death. Maria Antonia Dominga was born in 1825, followed by Manuel Esteban in 1826, Maria Encarnacion in 1829, and Felipe in 1831.

Felipe's third marriage was to another indian Maria Ysabela 4 Jun 1847 in Monterey. His death has never been located, and he last appears living with his son Felipe in Monterey in the 1860 U S Census, but does not appear in the 1870 Census.

Carolyn Loero Carlsen, my wife, is a direct descendant of Felipe Santiago Garcia and Fancisca Jacinta Hernadez. She was born in Monterey and baptized at the same location as Felipe, her fourth great grandfather, and married at the same location as Felipe and Jacinta. In August of 1996 her grandson Nicholas Cody Mascarello became the ninth generation of this family to be baptized at this same location.

Felipe and Maria Ygnacia had the following children:
i. Maria Francisca Xaviera (1815-)
ii. Maria Gracia Jesus (1818-)
iii. Concordia Clara
iv. Jose de_Jesus (~1822-)
v. Maria Concepcion
vi. Maria Clara Constancia (-1828)

Felipe and Francisca Jacinta had the following children:
i. Maria Antonia Dominga (1825-1872)
ii. Manuel Esteban (1826-)
iii. Maria Encarnacion (1829-)
iv. Felipe (1831-)

Notes on Felipe Santiago Garcia:

1781 Birth: Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I. Mission San Carlos Baptisms Entry #659.

1781 Baptism: Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I. Mission San Carlos Baptisms Entry #659.

1788 Military: Enlisted in Kings Company in Monterey at age of 17. Personal account given to Alexander S. Taylor in Story of an Old Kings Soldier of Monterey in 1854.

1804 Garrison Census: Listed as single soldier at Monterey.

1808 Garrison Census: Listed as soldier, age 28 at Monterey

1813-1815 Military: Served as soldier at San Francisco, Marriage and baptism record of one child.

1818 Military: Served as soldier at Santa Clara, baptism record of child

1813 Marriage:Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I. Mission Dolores Marriages Entry #1506.

1824 Marriage: Marie Northrup: Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California 1769-1850, Vol I. Mission San Carlos Marriages Entry #922.

1825-1826 Military: Served as soldier at San Juan Bautista, baptism records of two children.

1828-1829 Military: Served as soldier at Monterey, burial and baptism records of two children.

1831 Military: Served at Mission San Juan Bautista, baptism record of last child.

1836 Garrison Census: Listed at Monterey age 53 with wife Jacinta age 48, and four children ages 14, 11, 9, and 7

1854 Personal Account: Had three wives all Montereyanas, the last one being named Isabel, had 9 children by them 5 of which were still living in 1854. Served at Monterey Presidio, and San Francisco Presidio.

1860 Census: Listed with son Felipe at Monterey age 60.

The following personal account was given to Alexander S. Taylor in 1854 and titled "STORY OF AN OLD KING'S SOLDIER OF MONTEREY." It was taken from "GARCIA HECHOS and OTHER GARCIA PAPERS" By Antonio Isaac Bonilla.

1854
STORY OF AN OLD KINGS SOLDIER OF MONTEREY
By Alexander S. Taylor

Si Senor, my name is FELIPE SANTIAGO GARCIA, the son of my father of the same name; my mother's name was Petra Alcantara Lugo Rincon, both of La Villa de Sinaloa-my father was one of the Compania de Cuera recruited in said Villa by Captain Fernando Rivera y Moncada in 1773 for "Los Establecimientos de Monterey"-as Alta California was then called.

I was born at the Royal Presidio of Monterey and baptized by Padre Francisco Dumetz, on the 8th of December 1782-which makes me 71 years old this April 1854. I remember hearing much when I was a boy about Padre Junipero and Captain Moncada, and many of those old people now dead and gone, years upon years ago.

When I was young the Presidio was thatched with straw and also the church; but they were both built better afterwards; the Presidio was torn down long ago, but the (presidio) church is still standing. I remember well Don Esteban Martinez, Captain of the King's Frigate; he was tall, handsome, red faced man. Don Juan Matute with Don Juan Bodega y Cuadra about 1793, arrived with a great many vessels at Monterey, and there came with them "Maquina", an Indian Chief of Nootka with a son and daughter, who were all baptized by the Padre at Carmel and afterwards married Indian women. Gregoria Tapia and Jose Tapia of Santa Cruz are his grandsons. The son of Maquina died there on the Rancho Carnedero de las Pozas.

About the time that Bodega and Matute's fleet was here, there came in, a King's Galleon from Manila, with many of the people sick of the scurvy, but the old Padres and Soldiers soon cured them.

About this time came to Monterey Capt. Vancouver in the King of England's ship and he and Capt. Bodega were great friends; the English Captain was very kind to us boys and the people made much of his sailors, and how many "ballies" and "mucho, mucho alegre" they made on their ships, and among the officers ashore.

My mother had 20 children, 9 boys and 11 girls, 5 of whom are still living in California. Don Pedro Fages my father's old Capitan was a curious man; very hot tempered and despotic, but a brave and courageous man, very tall and stout, a Catalan. He was fond of us boys and girls and often let us put our hands in his pickets for nuts and raisins. He was a -rate horseman and very fond of all kind of mechanic work. The soldiers used to call him the "Old Bear"-he was so rough. He used to have a great quarrel with his wife Dona Eulalia-a beautiful lady from La Antiqua Espana, and she would not live with him for a long while, until Padre Fermin de Lasuen made up their quarrel, and she finally left California with her husband.

It was the old Sargento Distinguido, Don Ygnacio Vallejo, dead years ago, who built the Presidio and Presidio Church at Monterey, which was finished in 1792. The Sergeant was a powerful man and so cunning he could turn his hand to any kind of work, and the Indians did anything for him and he taught them how to do much work for the Padres in everything.

When I was a boy of 17 (1799) Don Diego Borica was the Gobernador and I enlisted as a soldier in the King's Company at Monterey, and I served many years with Sergt. Vallejo. The people did not like the governor much - he was so stiff and formal with us Californios - his wife was very beautiful, and they had a muchacha of 16 who was "muy hermosa" - we like them very much but not Don Diego. They all left for Mexico when I was still young. Old Don Joaquin Arrillaga, the new Governor was a very humane officer and very kind to the people - he died in California. Governor Jose Arguello and his wife Dona Maria Ygnacia Moraga, were much liked by the people; they died in Lower California I believe.

In the year 1807 I went to the Buena Vista lake, as we called it, as a soldier in a Company of Cavalry of 25 men, under Alferez Don Gabriel Moraga. Each of us had 8 horses and they made a big Caballada. Miguel Espinosa was our Sergeant and we had to keep constant watch that the Indians did not steal our horses. "They were everywhere:" "muchos-muchos-y en todas partes, onde quiera."

We went from Monterey to Mission San Miguel, and from there to the Laguna we called Buena Vista in one day and a half, and we went after the runaway Neophytes and to bring in others for the Padres to make Christians, but did not get any. We went away into the Sanowy mountains, or near where the Sanow was, and the Indians stole one half of our horses, and killed two of our men. Where we went into the mountains and there was a Portezuelo called by our Captain - "Salinas de Cortez" - which had great quantities of nitre, "Quisas" Tequesquite.

We crossed the San Joaquin River several times and everywhere there were Indians, and the Captain made up his mind to go back by way of Mission San Jose, where we arrived in good order. While I was there the soldiers went over to Mission Dolores, and we saw at Yerba Buena a big Russian ship with a Russian General on board; it was when Senor Arrillaga was governor, who got to California while we were away.

I went several times to the Tulares and to the Sacramento, both on horseback and once, in a boat. On all the rivers we saw many beavers; bears were everywhere and very dangerous. Elk and Antelope, and Deer used to run beforeore us in "bandadas", and we found plenty of mustangs, wild horses in 1807, and afterwards many others with the Mission brands, and lots and lots of Mission cattle, "muy cimarrones."

I knew Governor Vicente Sola very well and was a soldier still. Beforeore the governor gave up to the revolutionary government, my time was up and I was waiting for my certificate of discharge. I asked him for my papers and he did not like it, and we had a big quarrel; he called me a Picaro, and I said, "No Senor Governador, I am an honest soldier, y un hombre de bien-" so I got my papers after all.

I had served "El Rey" since I was a boy and he had always treated me well, and I would not serve any other. Many of my companions did the same. When the Mexican officers came to Monterey, the people did not like them at all, and we used to say they were no better than the Presidio Cooks. For years and years afterwards everything was in revolution and the country went to ruin, and the people in Santa Barbara made fun of the Capitanes, "asi, asi."

"Quien del pais ensendio el pasto-Castro,
Quien roba hasta hacer viejo-Vallejo,
Quien la Aduana ha destrozado-Alverado,
Y para vivir sosegados,
Deben de ser fusilados,
Castro, Vallejo y Alvarados."

Si Senor, I am an old man now, but I was once a young one; yes, and I had three wives, all Montereyanas; the last one - let me see, I don't remember. Ah, yes her name was Isabel. I have 9 children by them, 5 of whom are living, 3 girls and 2 boys, and I live round about with them. Yes sir, I am a white man, as my father and mother were beforeore me. But some of my fathers companions married Indian women of the Missions, which others of them did not like, but white women in those early days, were very scarce.

(The old man was tall and erect, with a good, jolly, clear, fresh countenance, and he had learned to take life after old-soldier fashion; many is the time we have seen him pass our house, with his serape on his back bound for Point Almejas, to look for fish and abalones. He always carried an honorable name. We have seen several of the ancient native born soldiers of California who swore by "El Rey" as they termed it, and never would serve under "La Nacion Mejicana:, and the most fervent of Catholics.)