Joined: 27 Nov 2007
Location: Monterey County, California
|Posted: Mon Apr 07, 2008 7:30 pm Post subject: Castro's Proclamation
|W. F. Swasey in his "Early Days and Men of California," says: "The proclamations by Castro, threatening to compel Americans to leave the northern part of the State, were undoubtedly the moving cause of the Bear Flag revolt; they were actuated by a determination to anticipate and forestall any action on the part of Castro to carry out, by force, the intentions set forth in his proclamations; the idea that they, or any member of them, were incited with anticipations of future political benefits, the author (W. F. Swasey) knowing them as he did, pronounces it simply preposterous and ridiculous.
"Notwithstanding the fact Bancroft positively denies that Castro ever issued such a proclamation, the author (W. F. Swasey) just as positively asserts that he has seen and read said proclamations, and offers the following affidavits to vindicate the motives of the Bear Flag party:
State of California
County of Santa Clara
John M. Murphy, Moses Schallenberger and W. F. Swasey being by me duly sworn each severally deposes and says; That he is a resident and freeholder in the State of California; that he has resided in said State since 1844 and 1845 respectively; that in the winter of 1846, General Jose Castro, Military Commander of California, issued and published a bando (proclamation) ordering the American settlers in the northern part of California to leave the Territory forthwith; that said Moses Schallenberger and said Swasey, affiants hereto, saw and read said bando posted up in a public house kept by Don Jose Abrego in the town of Monterey, in the spring of 1846; that said affiant Murphy deposes that the fact of such proclamation being issued was a notorious and accepted fact among the people of San Jose, which has never been disputed until very recent years.
JOHN M. MURPHY,
W. F. SWASEY.
Sworn and subscribed to before me this twenty-fourth day of January, 1891.
J. H. RUSSELL