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The Physicians of Monterey--1769-1844

 
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Joined: 27 Nov 2007
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Location: Monterey County, California

PostPosted: Mon Apr 07, 2008 7:23 pm    Post subject: The Physicians of Monterey--1769-1844 Reply with quote

A surgeon by the name of Pedro Prat accompanied an early expedition to Monterey in 1769, but he became demented and left for Mexico in 1770, where he died. Other surgeons following were:

Pedro Castan…………1773-1774
Jose Davila…………1774-1783
Manuel Moreno…………1785
Pedro Carbajal…………1785-1787
Pablo Soler…………1791-1800
Jose Castillo…………1792-1818
Juan de Dios Morelos…………1800-1802
Manuel Torres…………1802-1803
Jose Maria Benites…………1803-1807
Manuel Quijano …………1807-1824
J. Evan, Perez de Leon…………1829
A. Gonz, del Castillo…………1830
Manuel de Alva …………1831-1840
Manuel Crespo …………1832
Edward Bale…………1844
Faustino Moro…………1844

Francisco Torres, a Mexican, was in practice at Monterey in 1835; John Townsend and Andres Castillero signed a certificate of ill health as "professores de medicina" in March, 1846. In 1785 the viceregal government transmitted to Monterey twenty copies of a treatise on small-pox, which had been sent from Spain, and ordered their distribution among the people, and in 1797 the viceroy ordered that precautions against that disease, then prevailing in Oajaca, should be enforced.

Extraordinary sanitary precautions were practiced at Monterey after the death of Commandant Sal in 1800. In May, 1844, the small-pox was brought to Monterey. On the 28th the ayuntamiento determined to establish a hospital for poor patients. A board of health was appointed as follows: Thomas 0. Larkin, David Spence, Watson, and Oslo, presided over by Serrano. A house in the outskirts was taken at a monthly rental of eight dollars. Any poor person was to be admitted, and food and medicine to be distributed to those for whom there was no room. The care of sailors who might be admitted was to be paid for by the master of the vessel or the respective consul. Two nurses were appointed, and a corporal and four men were to give burial to such patients as should die.

A committee appointed at the meeting referred to collected funds. The governor agreed to give $125 monthly during the continuance of the epidemic; Governor Micheltorena individually gave twenty-five; the bishop, twenty-five; Larkin, five; and twenty-eight others from one to four dollars each. The total monthly promised amount was $249, and that was the first hospital established in California.

The ayuntaminento of Monterey in 1835 appointed a commission to select a burial ground for foreigners separate from that for resident Catholics. On the 31st of July, 1839, the cemetery at Monterey was consecrated, having been in use since 1770. It was 60 veras square; the wall was built by the convicts, under the auspices of Alvarado.
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