|2000 B.C. - 1823
||The Wappo Indians were the sole inhabitants of the Napa Valley.
||DON FRANCIS CASTRO and Father JOSE ALTIMURA,
under an armed escort led by JOSE SANCHEZ, the first Europeans
to explore the Napa Valley.
||Sometime during this decade, GUY FLING became the first
American to explore the Napa Valley.
||KIT CARSON entered the Napa Valley while on a hunting
||GUY FLING led Napa County's first settler, GEORGE
C. YOUNT into the Napa Valley.
- The first treaty between the natives and the Mexicans was negotiated.
- GEORGE C. YOUNT awarded the first land grant in the
Napa Valley, Rancho Caymus.
- YOUNT built the area's first permanent dwelling,
a wooden blockhouse.
||DR. EDWIN TURNER BALE arrived in California from England.
||A smallpox epidemic raged through Napa County killing hundreds of the
||DR. BALE married MARIA IGNACIA SOBERANES,
niece of GENERAL MARIANO VALLEJO.
||CAYETANO JUAREZ built two adobes on his Rancho
Tulucay and moved his family from Sonoma to Napa Valley.
||DR. EDWIN TURNER BALE became a citizen of Mexico and
was granted Rancho Carne Humana, which comprised
the land between present-day Rutherford and Calistoga.
- COLONEL JOSEPH B. CHILES, who guided one of the earliest
immigrant trains to California, was granted Rancho Catacula
in the Napa Valley.
- The first landing of a ship in what would become Napa City occurred.
The ship was called the Sacramento.
- The Bale Grist Mill was completed.
- COLONEL JAMES CLYMAN, mountain man, arrived in the
Napa Valley with his wife, HANNAH and the REASON
P. TUCKER family. When DONNER refused to listen
to CLYMAN about the danger of following the planned
shortcut, CLYMAN and TUCKER came by
the longer established trail.
- REASON P. TUCKER led one of the relief parties when
the DONNER Party became trapped in a Sierra snowfall.
Other Napa settlers aided in rescuing the survivors.
- EZEKIAL MERRITT left JOHN C. FREMONT'S
camp in Sacramento. bound for Sonoma, to revolt against Mexican rule.
In Napa he was joined by JOHN GRIGSBY, WILLIAM
HARGRAVE, DAVID HUDSON, HARRISON PIERCE, ELIAS BARNETT, NATHAN
COOMBS and BENJAMIN AND SAMUEL KELSEY. Two
days later, NANCY KELSEY (the first white woman to
enter California over the Sierras) traveled to Sonoma on horseback with
her small infants, following her husband, BENJAMIN.
- The Bear Flag Rebellion took place in Sonoma and
the Bear Flag party was formed. The California Republic, with the "Bear
Flag" as it's symbol, came to an end in less than sixty days, when
California became a territory of the United States.
- The Town of Napa was founded by NATHAN COOMBS.
The townsite was surveyed by JAMES M. HUDSPETH. At
the time there were only the two adobe homes of CAYETANO JUAREZ
and NICHOLAS HIGUERA in the area.
- Napa's first structure, a saloon, was built by HARRISON PIERCE.
a former miller at Bales Mill.
- The first general store was built in Napa township by JOSEPH
P. THOMPSON, followed closely by a second general store built
by GEN. MARIANO VALLEJO and his son-in-law, JOHN
- JAMES MARSHALL discovered gold at SUTTERS Mill in
Sacramento. Napa City was deserted as residents flocked to the mines.
Most of the valley farmers stayed on their land.
- Napa County was formed as one of California's original counties.
- DOCTOR EDWARD TURNER BALE died on 9 October.
- The first school (the second private school in California) was opened
in the Napa Valley near Bale's Mill. The teacher was the widowed
and orphaned SARAH GRAVES FOSDICK, a survivor of the
DONNER Party. She had been brought to Napa Valley by
her rescuer, REASON P. TUCKER.
- The Dolphin was the first steamship to navigate
the Napa River.
- The first election in Napa County was held.
The officers of the new government were:
- Judge, JOHN E. STARK
- Coroner, FLORENTINE E. KELLOGG
- Surveyor, J. E. BROWN
- Sheriff, N. McKIMMEY
- Treasurer, RALPH KILBURN
||JACOB SCHRAM bought hillside property just south of Calistoga
and planted Napa County's first hill side vineyard.
He hired Chinese workers to plant and cultivate the vines under the supervision
of his wife, ANNA, while he continued his trade as a barber
in Calistoga and White Sulphur Springs.
||A drought struck the Napa Valley.
- The Napa Register began publication.
- The newly elected board of supervisors held their first meeting in
the town of Napa on 6 December. They were:
- JOHN HAMILTON
- JESSE WHILTON
- FLORENTINE A KELLOGG
- The townships of Napa, Yount and Hot Springs
- The community of St. Helena was established.
- Napa Valley's first church building was erected on property owned
by FLORENTINE KELLOGG. It was Methodist in denomination
and was called The White Church after ASA WHITE,
a friend of KELLOGG'S and the man who delivered the
||The Napa County Reporter opened its doors as the county's first
The first edition was printed on 4 July by ALEXANDER J. COX,
editor and proprietor.
- A silver rush occurred in Napa County and the mining era began.
- The first Catholic Church erected in Napa Valley, St John the Baptist,
was dedicated by ARCHBISHOP ALLEMANY on 6 November.
- CHARLES KRUG produced 1,200 gallons of wine in the
Napa Valley using a small cider press.
- A telegraph line between Vallejo and Napa is laid.
- The first bank was established by J. H. GOODMAN.
- The Methodist Episcopal Church built at 2nd and
Randolph on land donated by NATHAN COOMBS.
- SAM BRANNAN purchased land in the upper Napa Valley;
the purchase included the land on which Calistoga would be developed.
- Tulocay Cemetery was established on 48 4/5 acres
given by DON CAYETANO JUAREZ.
- CHARLES KRUG married DR. BALE'S
daughter, CAROLINE. KRUG planted grapes on land just
north of St. Helena, on land which had been CAROLINE'S dowry.
- The Napa Collegiate Institute opened, the forerunner of the
University of the Pacific in Stockton.
- Cinnabar, mercury ore, was discovered in the Mayacamus range northwest
of Calistoga, by J. CYRUS and A. J. BAILEY.
- The Phoenix Mining Company was organized to extract mercury
- A severe winter hit the Napa Valley exterminating most of the area's
- The Napa Valley Railroad began operation.
The track ran from Vallejo to Calistoga, making stops at Napa, Yountville,
Oakville, Rutherford, Bello, St. Helena, Barro, Bale and Walnut Grove.
When the passengers debarked at the end of the line, Mount St. Helena
rose majestically before them.
- Napa County became one of California's leading quicksilver (mercury)
||GEORGE YOUNT, Napa County's first anglo settler, died
at his home at Caymus Ranch on 5 Oct.
||JOHN LAWLEY begin his toll road from Calistoga over Mount
St. Helena to Lake County.
- The telegraph line to Napa was extended from Napa to Calistoga.
- The Napa City Gas Light Company was incorporated to provide
lighting on the streets of Napa; Napa became the tenth city in California
to be lit by gas.
||F. A. SAWYER established Sawyer Tanning Company
as a wool pullery. A year later his father, B. F. SAWYER
left Newport, New Hampshire, came west and went into business with his son.
||The first library in Napa was opened by the Napa Library Association.
It held 1000 volumes.
||The Town of Napa was incorporated.
||The Seventh Day Adventist Church was organized in Napa.
- The Town of Napa was reincorporated as the City of Napa.
- The First Presbyterian Church was erected on land donated by
- The St. Helena Star was founded.
- EADWEARD MUYBRIDGE, the "Father of the Motion
Picture", was tried in the City of Napa for the murder of his wife's
lover. He was acquitted.
||The St. Helena Viticultural Club organized with CHARLES
KRUG as its first president.
||The Napa State Asylum for the Insane received its first patients.
- The Calistogan was founded.
- JACOB and FREDERICK BERINGER established
the Beringer Bros. Winery.
||The St. Helena Sanitarium was founded by W. A. PRATT,
a member of the Seventh Day Adventist faith. Natural healing was stressed.
||The Bale Grist Mill ground grain with it's thirty-six-foot waterwheel
for the last time.
||At 9:20 AM on 23 May, ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON and FANNIE
VANDERGIFF OSBOURNE boarded the Napa Valley Railroad day
coach in Vallejo and began the forty-two mile journey to Calistoga.
They spent their unconventional honeymoon in a rustic, abandoned shack at
the defunct Silverado Mine. They made friends with JACOB
SCHRAM and ANNA, his wife, visiting them at their
secluded vineyard home, tasting all eighteen wines produced by the Schrams.
||COLONEL JAMES CLYMAN, age 88, died and was buried in
the Tulocay Cemetery in Napa.
- Silverado Squatters and Treasure Island by ROBERT
LOUIS STEVENSON are published. The road to the SCHRAM's
Vineyard is described in the former; Mount St Helena was Treasure
Island's Spyglass Hill and JOHN SILVERADO was the
inspiration for Long John Silver.
- The Napa City Water Company was founded by SAMUEL HOLDEN.
- CAYETANO JUAREZ died and was buried in the Tulocay
Cemetery on land he had donated to the City of Napa.
||The San Francisco Chapter of the GAR established the Veteran's Home.
The facilities consisted of a kitchen, a dining room, living quarters, sick
wards, an office and a chapel.
||The Palisades Mine began operation.
||CHARLES KRUG died.
- Half of the vineyards in the Napa Valley became infested with the
plant louse, phylloxera.
- NAPA County's first high school opened in the St Helena Presbyterian
||The St Helena Library opened.
- The State of California assumed administration of the California
- Napa High School was constructed.
||On May 2, the Goodman Library was opened on property gifted by
GEORGE E. GOODMAN. He had been Napa County Treasurer
- The Calistoga Free Public Library opened.
- The Napa Valley Railroad Company, an electric railroad, was
incorporated and provided service from Benecia to Calistoga.
||The Napa Glove Factory was organized. It was the largest glove
factory west of Chicago.
- 500,000 fruit and nut trees had been established in the valley by
- Pacific Union College, formerly established in Healdsburg,
was moved to Angwin. The dedication of the grounds of the accredited
four year liberal arts institution was held on 29 September.
||The Shurtleff Hospital, Napa City's first hospital, opened.
It was named after DR. BENJAMIN SHURTLEFF.
||The loudspeaker was invented in Napa by EDWIN PRIDHAM
and PETER JENSEN while they were working to improve the
||The County Library System was established to service outlying communities
who had no libraries.
- BRUCE LAND of Napa became the first Napa Countian
drafted in World War I.
- A second hospital, the Francis Hospital, was built in Napa.
- Prohitition became law. Many Napa Valley wineries went out of business.
- The Shurtliff and the Francis hospitals were replaced
by the Victory Memorial Hospital.
||The LAWLEY toll road was purchased by the county. It
became State Highway 29.
- The construction of Millikan Dam was begun.
- Calistoga High School opened.
- The Napa State Asylum for the Insane was renamed Napa State
- GIUSEPPE MUSANTE first bottled water. His company
would be the forerunner of the Calistoga Mineral Water Company.
- The steam train made its last run up the Napa Valley.
- A hospital was built on the grounds of the Veteran's Home.
||The Christian Brothers moved their novitate and wine-making operation
to the Napa Valley.
||Prohibition was repealed.
||By this date the Sawyer Tanning Company of Napa was the largest
tannery west of the Mississippi.
||Basalt Rock Company of Napa launched two U. S. Navy tankers on
the Napa River.
||Conn Dam was completed.
||Controversial plans to flood the Berryessa Valley as part of the Bureau
of Recreation State Water Project. Lake Berryessa was to be used as a recreation
||5,500,000 gallons of wine were produced in the Napa Valley.
||Queen of the Valley Hospital replaced Victory Memorial
||Over 500,000 people visited the Napa Valley's wineries.
- The Calistoga Soaring Center opened.
- The County Board of Supervisors created agricultural preserve zoning
||The Napa Valley Genealogical and Biographical Society was formed.
A library was established and quarters were rented to house the collection.
||A severe drought struck the Napa Valley; water rationing took place in
several of the county's communities.
||The Calistoga Mineral Water Company was purchased by the French
||Over 400,000 people toured the Christian Brothers Greystone Winery.
- The seventieth anniversary of the invention of the loudspeaker in
Napa was celebrated.
- The Napa Valley Times issued its inaugural edition on July
- The premiere edition of the Napa Sentinel was published on
- The Napa Valley Wine Train began its first run in December.
- In mid-February continuous rain flooded valley communities and inundated
the vineyards, about a decade after the area experienced the severe
- A temporary shelter was provided for the homeless in the Presbyterian
Church gym. The Napa Valley Shelter Project was formed in the
fall of the year.
|| After an historic fundraising effort the Napa Valley Genealogical
and Biographical Society closed escrow on a property located on Menlo
Avenue at California in Napa.
Escrow closed on the property on 1 March 1991. A work meeting was held at
the new location on 3 March. On 1 April the Napa Valley Genealogical
Library was open for researchers.
||A Mortgage Burning Celebration took place on 22 May at the
Napa Valley Genealogical Library, marking the successful conclusion
to a most remarkable fundraising drive.
- 29% of the funds came from grants or gifts from organizations.
- 19% came from society fund raisers.
- 52% came from individual gifts. Most of these were made by society
||The New Technology High school is opened in Napa with 130 students.
This unique school is established to respond to the challenges to the educational
system as the 21st century approaches.
- Napa City celebrates 150 years of existence.
- Sawyers of Napa announces that they are quitting business after
128 years in Napa.