Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo and Ventura Counties, California
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Santa Barbara and vicinity furnish the incidental scenery and background for one of America’s largest industries - the manufacture of motion picture films.


In July, 1912, the American Film Company established its studio at Santa Barbara, and beginning with only one company of players has developed a plant now employing from eleven to thirteen companies, and has a payroll amounting to thousands of dollars weekly.


The continued presence of the American Film Company at Santa Barbara is due to the fact that that city and surrounding country offers practically every scenic location necessary for making pictures adaptable to almost every situation and subject.  There are mountains and sandy beaches, noted hotels and homes that range from the old adobes of Mission days to the beautiful estate of millionaires.


In recent months President Samuel S. Hutchinson of the American Film Company has inaugurated construction work at the local studio which will make the plant, long noted for its efficiency, one of the most complete in the world.  The local manager of the industry at Santa Barbara is Mr. P. G. Lynch.  At the present time the American Film Company is the second largest consumer of film in the world.





The year 1854 marked the coming of Nathan Weston Blanchard to the State of California.  He was then in his early twenties and the spirit of the then practically unknown West called to him as it has done since with countless young men who have had dreams of ambition.  In his case, as in many of theirs, his dreams were realized, and in the years that have passed Mr. Blanchard has built up a position and standing in Ventura County and the state that any man might envy.  His activities have ranged through mining and lumbering to ranching and miller, and later he realized a tremendous success in the fruit growing enterprise.  All his ventures have been creditable to him in their respective successes, and he has earned undeniably the quiet life he is enjoying in these later years.


Nathan W. Blanchard was born in Madison, Maine, on July 24, 1831 and he is the son of Merrill and Eunice (Weston) Blanchard.  The father was a native of Massachusetts, born in the Town of Abington, on July 18, 1806, and was the son of Dean Blanchard and the grandson of Capt. Thomas Blanchard.  Both these gentlemen, as well as the two preceding ancestors, were natives of Massachusetts, so that the Blanchard family may properly be considered as a product of the Bay State.


Tracing the family history back to its origin one finds the Blanchards in France, and the ancestor of the subject was a Huguenot, who, driven from his native land, took refuge in London.  Thomas Blanchard came from London to Massachusetts in 1639 and it will be found that the greater number of New England Blanchards found throughout the country name that worthy gentleman as their common ancestor.  Thomas Blanchard in 1651 purchased a farm of 200 acres at Mystic-Side, Charlestown, Massachusetts and died in 1664.  One of his sons, John, born March 27, 1660, was an ancestor of Nathan W. Blanchard.


The Blanchards entered early into the manufacturing activities of Massachusetts, and down to the present time they have occupied places in that industry.  They have been machinists, investors and operators and to them is due a great deal of credit for the introduction of many labor saving inventions in the manufacturing field.


Eunice (Weston) Blanchard was born in Madison, Maine, on the Kennebec River, in the year 1804, and was the daughter of Deacon Benjamin Western, who was born in Concord, Massachusetts, in 1772.  She married Merrill Blanchard and became the mother of eight children, of whom three sons and three daughters lived to adult years.  Nathan W. Blanchard was the first child in order of birth.  His father, for the most of his life was a tavern keeper, as well as a farmer, and from his earliest life Nathan was kept busily employed in the work attendant upon the farm and the various duties pertaining to keeping a tavern in New England.  His schooling was limited to the usual three-month schools, winter and summer, supplemented by some schooling in private schools, which taught a little more than the three R’s.


When he was seventeen years of age an academy was built in Houlton, the county seat of Aroostook County, Maine.  This he says was one of the greatest joys of his life, as it offered him the opportunity of fitting for college, which he did in three years’ time, teaching in the meantime two winter schools, and working one summer on the farm.


He entered Waterville College, now called Colby College, in 1851.  Having no assistance and teaching three schools during the freshman and Sophomore years, he was forced to come to California in 1854 where he thought he could earn enough money in a couple of years to renew his studies.


He failed badly in this purpose for after two years of hard labor, misfortune and the treachery of partners, he was heavily in debt and it had the effect of changing the whole course of his life.  The first ten years in California he was engaged in the meat or butchering business, first for three or four years on the Iowa Hill Divide where he was in charge of various markets for his employers, Kneeland & Wilcoxson, who were cattle men.  In 1858 he went to Dutch Flat to take charge of the market there, after which he became a partner and continued in this relation until 1864.


He went east but soon returned and engaged in the lumber business with Towle Brothers in Dutch Flat continuing for seven years.  The state offered excellent opportunities to enterprising men at that time in that especial field, and up to 1872 he carried on extensive lumbering operations, with a success that marked every branch of business activity to which he gave his attention.


While on his wedding trip Mr. Blanchard visited Santa Barbara, in the spring of 1865, after the two great dry years, and road with three gentlemen from the North from Santa Barbara, down to Ventura and up the Santa Clara Valley of the South, as far as the Sespe.  Not one head of stock was to be seen and the grass was nearly as high as the wagon wheels.  The view greatly impressed him so that afterwards when he became acquainted with Mr. E. B. Higgins, on the steamer from Sam Francisco to Santa Barbara and learned that he wished to sell part of his interest in his land and sheep, Mr. Blanchard purchased a half interest in both the Santa Paula tract and in the sheep.


After six months’ association with Mr. Higgins, he bought the latter’s remaining half interest in land and sheep and sold the same to Mr. E. L. Bradley of San Jose.  The latter was a rich man in that day and was one of Mr. Blanchard’s neighbors in Dutch Flat.  He only visited the Santa Paula ranch three or four times in his life.  He died in 1884.


In the fall of 1873 Mr. Blanchard commenced building a flouring mill, cleaning up and improving the tract of land and for twelve years following furnished most of the flour consumed in the county.  He took the premium in Los Angeles on flour over the Los Angeles Flour Mill.


The location of the flouring mill in Santa Paula, connected with the water privileges of Santa Paula Creek suggested and called for a town or village, which he located and adopted for it, the name Santa Paula.


Messrs. Hardison and Stewart came to Santa Paula in the interest of oil development, and other oil men followed them.  These men were the originators of the Union Oil Company, Mr. Hardison, Mr. McKevitt and Mr. Blanchard were the three men responsible for the building of the Santa Paula Academy which was afterwards given to the district as a high school.  Mr. Blanchard did the work of soliciting the money and superintending the construction of the building.


The history of the orchard is interesting because it is anomalous.  Mr. Clark, a nursery man of Santa Barbara, in 1874 arranged with Mr. Blanchard to plant about 100 acres in oranges.  The trees were raised from the seed of Havana oranges and brought from Santa Barbara.  They were planted in the spring of 1874 and it took fourteen years of continuous cultivation and irrigation to bring the orchard into a sufficient bearing condition to pay the running expense.  The year 1889 was the first remunerative year, an experience which surprised the scientists and has no equal in the state- in the fact that it took so many years to bring the seedling orange tree to a profitable bearing condition.  When the trees did bear they produced oranges of exceptional quality.  The trees were very productive for many years until they were cut back and budded into Valencia late oranges.  A portion of the orchard was budded into lemons at an early date so that Mr. Blanchard was a pioneer in both the orange and lemon business in the county.


In recent years Mr. Blanchard has lived a quiet life, practically retired from all active business, but keeping up a wholesome interest in the affairs of his town, county and state.  His home is delightfully situated in the community he founded many years ago, and with which he has been largely identified in its improvement and general development.


Always Mr. Blanchard has manifested a genuine enthusiasm for the educational interests of the community, and he served for some years as a trustee of the local schools.


Mr. and Mrs. Blanchard gave to the City of Santa Paula as a memorial for their first born, Dean Hobbs Blanchard, a magnificent public library comprehending a gift of $13,294.38.  Ground for the building was broken in December, 1908; the building was completed July 31, 1909, and the interior was finished in September 1909.  The style is Greek Ionic and the structure is one of the most attractive in the city.  Mrs. Blanchard is at present president of the library trustees.  The name of the library is “Dean Hobbs Blanchard Memorial Library”.


The citizens of the city through its first library board presented Mr. and Mrs. Blanchard with a most magnificent printed and illustrated appreciation of their generosity and public spirit, and it is something that Mr. and Mrs. Blanchard regard as amongst their greatest treasures.


Mr. Blanchard is, one might say, a life-long republican.  He has always been a sturdy supporter of the party, and he has never failed to assume political responsibilities when to him it seemed best.  While in Placer County he served two years as district collector, and was later elected to the State Legislature, serving during the session of 1862-3 when the building of the Central Pacific Railroad was in augurated and while Stanford was both governor of the state and president of the railroad, Mr. Blanchard was one of the charter members of the Central Pacific Railroad and is probably now, 1916, the only living charter member.  At a still later period he declined a nomination to the Legislature, though nomination at that time insured election.  While serving in the Legislature he was a member of the Committee on Education, when a new school law was enacted and he was the author of a bill that became a law, wiping out an evil that had made the state notorious for year - that is, the practice of permitting bands of dancing girls of questionable order to periodically visit the mining towns, where they made the saloons their headquarters and helped generally to make the mining towns undesirable places in many respects.


A member of the Masonic fraternity, Mr. Blanchard has taken practically all degrees, is past commander of the Knights Templar of Ventura, and has been presented with the past master’s jewel, by his brother past masters of his lodge.  Was a charter member both at Dutch Flat and in Santa Paula of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and owns a badge for fifty years continuous membership.  His religious affiliations have long been with the Congregational Church.  He was one of the committee selected by the association of Southern California churches to select a place for a college, which is located at Clairmont and is known as Pomona College.  He has been a trustee from the beginning up to date.


Mr. Blanchard returned to his eastern home in the autumn of 1864 on a visit and there he married Miss Ann Elizabeth Hobbs on the 21st day of December of that year.  She was born in North Berwick, Maine, and is the daughter of Wilson Hobbs, a life-long resident of Maine.  Two daughters and three sons were born of their union: Dean Hobbs, Sarah Eliot, Eunice Weston, Nathan Weston Jr. and Thomas Goodwin.





One of the important factors in the growth and prosperity of Los Alamos is the comfortable Los Alamos Hotel, whose genial proprietor is Charles I. Dolan.  Mr. Dolan has had a wide acquaintance and experience in business affairs in this section of California, and having made his own way in the world he is thoroughly deserving of that esteem paid him by his fellow citizens.


He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, October 1, 1874, a son of William and Hortense (Bernard) Dolan.  Both parents are now deceased and the father having also been a hotel man.


Up to the age of twelve years Charles I. Dolan attended the public schools of Philadelphia.  He came to California then, first living in San Francisco and later in San Luis Obispo where he was employed in the hotel conducted by Mr. Frederick for six or seven years.  That was the foundation of his experience as a hotel man.  Removing to Santa Maria Mr. Dolan established and conducted for ten years the original grill, and the people of that section have a grateful memory of this enterprise as conducted by Mr. Dolan.


He next became associated with three other gentlemen in opening the Sisquoc merchandise store and was its manager for three and a half years.  In June, 1915, Mr. Dolan came to Los Alamos and opened his present hotel.


He is affiliated with Santa Maria Lodge No. 10 of the Knights of Pythias, with the Santa Barbara Lodge No. 613 of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and is popular in these fraternities and in every community where he has lived in California.  In San Luis Obispo January 7, 1900, he married Miss Mary Arillanes, a daughter of J. B. and Francisca Arillanes.  Mrs. Dolan was born in Santa Maria and received her education there.  They are the parents of two children: Nellie, aged ten, and Larna, aged eight.





While Doctor Mott has for thirty years been one of the leading physicians and surgeons of Ventura County, located at Santa Paula, his activities and services could not be classified altogether under one head or profession.  He has been foremost in business affairs, has been public spirited and generous in his support of public movements and in every way has borne more than his individual share of the responsibilities connected with the progress and history of this county.


Doctor Mott was born at Bangor, New York, May 8, 1855.  He is a son of George and Sarah (Marvin) Mott.  He has one brother, George T. Mott residing in Camas, Washington, who is by profession a chemist in the manufacture of paper.  His father was a prominent man in the East.  Born In Alburgh, Grand Isle County, Vermont, January 24, 1806, he received his education and spent his early youth in his native state.


He was sheriff of his county, and for a time was United States Collector of Customs in the Lake Champlain District.  He was also prominent in military (preparedness) affairs and was an officer in the Vermont State Militia.


In the early  ’40’s removing to Bangor, New York, he engaged in farming and the lumber business.  In 1857 he was elected Member of Assembly in the New York Legislature.  In 1870 he ran for Congress against William A. Wheeler, of Malone, New York, who was the successful candidate and who later became vice president of the United State on the ticket with Rutherford B. Hayes.


As a young man Doctor Mott lacked neither the encouragement at home nor the advantages of the best schools to equip himself for a place of adequate service in the world.  His mother had been one of the Vermont’s popular school teachers, and she frequently wrote articles of accepted merit for the publications of those days.  From both parents example and inspiration were abundant.  He attended public school, the Franklin Academy at Malone, New York, where he graduated in 1872, then spent two years in Cornell University in a scientific course, and from there entered the University of Michigan, from which he was graduated in the medial course in 1881.  He engaged in private practice at North Lawrence, New York, until 1886, in which year he came to Santa Paula, California.


Doctor Mott has always been a keen student of his profession and the summer of 1893 he spent in the post-graduate medical schools and hospitals of New York.  He frequently visits centers of medical learning to keep in touch with the progress of his profession.


The local profession has always held him in high honor and at three different times he has served as president of the Ventura County Medical Society.  He is a member of the California State Medical Society and of the American Medical Association.


After getting well established in his profession at Santa Paula, Doctor Mott took an active interest so far as his professional duties would permit in both business and civic affairs.


Since 1885 he has been a stockholder and director in the First National Bank of Santa Paula.  He is also a director and vice president of the Santa Paula Savings Bank.  In 1890 with others he was active in starting the Santa Paula Building and Loan Association and was its vice president during the first twelve years of its existence, and for the past fifteen years has been president of this very prosperous institution which has contributed to the building of hundreds of homes in Ventura County and now has assets of over $500,000.


In 1910 he was elected on the republican ticket for a term of two years to the State Assembly, and in 1912 he was elected state senator for a term of four years, representing Santa Barbara and Ventura counties at the capital in Sacramento.


During his services as a legislator Senator Mott was a member of many important committees including Finance, Banking, Building and Loan Associations, Agriculture and Horticulture, Irrigation, Roads and Highways, Oil Industries, Hospitals and Asylums, Health and Quarantine, Taxation, Universities, etc.  He was chairman of the Committees on Building and Loan Associations, Irrigation, and Oil Industries.  He was author of much of the most needed horticultural, irrigation, general business and humanitarian legislation that was written into the state’s statutes during his terms.


Senator Mott is a fluent speaker and because of his ready expression of original thought is often called upon the address audiences on popular subjects in various parts of the state.


At the close of the last session of the Legislature, Senator Mott received a letter from the San Francisco Merchants and Manufacturers Association of which any man may be pardonably proud, and which must give satisfaction to those who placed him in office.  We here copy the closing paragraph of this commendable tribute:


“There are no words at our command to express to you our gratefulness for your general conduct and energy in the Legislative Session just closed.  We believe you have been a true representative and constructive in your acts for your District and for the State as a whole.  We wish to compliment you most heartily on your truly human American attitude.  We are yours to command.


                                                                                                “Yours truly,


                                                                        “Merchants and Manufacturers Association,

                                                                                    “By Seneca C. Beach, President.”


Doctor Mott was for eighteen years a trustee of the grammar and high schools of Santa Paula.  He is a Knight Templar Mason and Shriner, has served three times as master of the Masonic lodge at Santa Paula, is affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and the Knights of Pythias.


In St. Albans, Vermont, April 10, 1883, Doctor Mott married Miss Emma Drown of Bellmont, New York.  They have one child, Arley C. Mott, who has gained distinction as a musician.  Miss Mott is a graduate of the Los Angeles Conservatory of Music, spent two years in Postgraduate work in the Washington College of Music at Washington D. C., and then for two years was a member of the faculty of that in institution.  She has accompanied some of the country’s best musicians in concert tours of the Eastern States.  Mrs. Mott has been prominent in club affairs and is greatly interested in Philanthropic work.  She is president of the Santa Paula Ebell Club which is the largest woman’s club in the county.  She is interested in the general club work of Southern California. She is past matron of the Order of the Eastern Star and has been district deputy of that organization.


Mrs. Mott is a native of Bellmont, New York, a daughter of Alexander and Phoebe Drown, an old American family of Revolutionary stock and of English descent.





One of the pioneer residents of this section of California, widely and favorably known for his participation in various lines of business.  Felix Mattei for nearly thirty years has been proprietor of a hotel which has entertained and attracted hundreds of visitors and travelers, and is one of the landmarks of Los Olivos in Santa Barbara County.


It is known as the Mattei Tavern, and as such is synonymous with a splendid cuisine and a wonderfully attractive location.  The hotel is situated in the center of the Santa Ynez Valley, has spacious grounds around it, and is in the midst of one of the scenic parks of Santa Barbara County.  Besides the main hotel building there are three guest cottages, and with all the facilities for entertainment the chief feature of this hostelry is its splendid table, the setting of which Mr. Mattei has emphasized from the state and that has undoubtedly been the chief factor in his success as a landlord.


Mr. Mattei was born in Ticino, Switzerland, September 7, 1854, and since coming to California has found here much of the beauty and romance which attaches to his own native mountains.  His parents, both now deceased, were Peter and Adolorata (Soldate)Mattei, both natives of Switzerland.  His father was a physician by profession.


With an education in the Swiss common and high schools, Felix Mattei left his native land at the age of fifteen and some months later arrived at San Francisco.  He was employed in that city one month, lived at Marine about a year, and then came to San Luis Obispo County.  At Cayucos he operated a dairy until 1874, was in similar business at Guadalupe another year, and in 1879 established himself in the dairy business independently at Huasna.  He continued dairying in that locality of San Luis Obispo County until 1884.  Returning to Cayucos he took up the hotel business for a year, and for the following two years was dealing in horses out of San Luis Obispo.


Since 1887 Mr. Mattei has been a prominent resident of Los Olivos.  Here he started the Central Hotel, but in 1908 changed its name to the Mattei Tavern.  Thus for nearly thirty years he has been the genial and popular host to the traveling public in this section.


He is also a prominent citizen, and has served as school trustee, two terms as justice of the peace, and for one term was deputy county assessor of San Luis Obispo County.  In politics he is a republican, is a thirty-second degree Mason, being affiliated with Al Malakak Temple of the Mystic Shrine, and also belongs to Lodge No. 613 of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks.


In San Luis Obispo, October 26, 1879, he married Lucy Fisher, who was born at Troy, New York, a daughter of Joseph F. and Anna Maria (Volz) Fisher.  Her parents brought her to California when she was a baby and she grew up and received her education in San Luis Obispo.  Mr. and Mrs. Mattei are the parents of the following children: Francis P. of Los Olivos; Frederick Louis, who married Elaine Spaulding; Clarence R., an artist living at Santa Barbara; Charles C., still at home; an Albert C., who is a student in Stanford University.





Santa Barbara was fortunate in being the home for more than thirty years of the late J. N. Hiller.  Any community would be better for such a citizen.  He brought with him to Santa Barbara the mature experience and the substantial means of his pioneer activities as a lumberman, business man and public official in Northern Michigan.


After coming to Santa Barbara, Mr. Hiller was engaged for some years in the real estate business, also as an undertaker, but he will be longest remembered for the broad and liberal policies he put into effect as a public spirited citizen.  In January, 1900, he became a member of the first board of water commissioners in Santa Barbara, and in 1905 was elected its president.  He remained in close touch with this public utility, serving gratuitously until on account of ill health he retired from membership on the board in 1913.  In 1904 he turned the first shovelful of earth in the construction of the Mission tunnel.  Then in 1912 he was accorded the signal honor of firing the final blast to complete this monumental municipal enterprise.


Mr. Hiller was born at Pike in Allegany County, New York, December 23, 1837, and his long and useful career came to a close with his death at Santa Barbara on April 24, 1914, in his seventy-seventh year.  Up to the age of eighteen he attended public schools and then spent two years in the Genesee Conference Seminary of the Methodist Church.  Following his education he spent two years in teaching in the winter terms and followed the carpenter trade in the summer seasons.  From New York he went west to Chicago, and in that then small city put in a year working in a printing office.


He was one of the noble pioneers of the extreme Northern Michigan, known as the Northern Peninsula.  In March, 1861, he entered the employ of N. Ludington & Company’s lumber mills on the Escanaba River.  He was foreman for that company and a prominent factor in the lumber industry of the northern woods until 1864.  He became one of the organizers of Delta County in Northern Michigan, and of the Village of Escanaba, the county seat.  In 1864 he was elected county treasurer, and removed to Escanaba to take charge of the office.  He filled that office until 1868, and from 1862 until 1870 was justice of the peace.  In 1866 another public honor was given him as United States commissioner, and he performed the important functions of that position for a number of years.  In the fall of 1868 he engaged in the mercantile business with a partner, but the following spring bought out his partner and conducted the business successfully for some years.  He was also agent for the American Express Company.  He was elected to a place on the school board of Escanaba when the school system was started in 1865, and was a member of the board continuously for twenty-two years.  In 1866 he became a loyal member of the Masonic order.  In politics he was a democrat.


Mr. Hiller for over twenty-five years was actively identified with the Royal Arch Chapter and the Knights Templar Commandery of the Masons in Santa Barbara, and at the time of his death was serving as recorder of the Commandery and was also past master, past high priest and past commander in these various branches of Masonry and also past patron in the Eastern Star.


On July 31, 1861, he was married at Green Bay, Wisconsin, to Julia Langley.  Mrs. Hiller, who still resides in Santa Barbara, was born in Stetson, Maine.  She is the mother of four children.  Her daughter Myrtie was born April 26, 1862, and died in 1901.  Fred, born in 1864, is a business man of Seattle, Washington.  Roy, born August 26, 1873, is a resident of San Francisco.  Earl, born November 24, 1875, is also of San Francisco.




Frequent references in these pages are made to the industries and activities of the attractive little city of Santa Ynez in Santa Barbara County, and it is pleasing to be able to give some brief record of the career of one of the pioneer citizens of that locality.  Frank Henry Smith has been a resident there for more than thirty years, and his was one of the first homes built on the townsite.


A resident of California forty years, Frank Henry Smith has progressed from comparative poverty to one of the substantial men of Santa Barbara County.  He was born in Perry County, Illinois, August 36, 1854, a son of Horace Porter and Jane (Chandler) Smith, the former a native of Missouri and the latter of Ohio.  His father was a carpenter by trade.


After an education in the schools of Illinois, Frank H. Smith, at the age of nineteen, came to Salinas, Monterey County, California.  He worked for a time on a stock ranch, farmed in the Arroyo Grande one year, and for two years was employed in Santa Maria.


The year of his advent to the Santa Ynez community was 1882.  Mr. Smith is one of the exemplars of dry farming methods in this community, and on his fine ranch of 200 acres he has succeeded for many years in producing bounteous crops of barley, wheat and other grains, and besides his own farm he leases 300 additional acres.  His success in business has not interfered with a public spirited share in pubic affairs.  He is now serving his third term as a school trustee and is a member of the republican county central committee.  Fraternally he is identified with the Knights of Pythias.


In passing some tribute should be paid to the late Mrs. Smith, who was one of the pioneer women of Santa Ynez and a thoroughly beloved character, not only on account of her gracious personality but because of her constant spirit of helpfulness in the neighborhood.  She was almost constantly engaged in some practical charity which she performed in the most unostentatious manner, but those who were helped remember with gratitude the beneficence of her life as she went in and out in the community.  Mrs. Smith’s maiden name was Rosie C. Preston.  She was born in Casterville, a daughter of E. J. and Nancy A. (Slack) Preston.  Mr. and Mrs. Smith were married in Santa Maria October 23, 1882, and at the time of their marriage started housekeeping in the new Village of Santa Ynez.  Mrs. Smith passed away September 22, 1915.  She and Mr. Smith a few days before her death started on a camping trip to the mountains.  She was thrown from her horse and received injuries from which died in the camp a few days later.


Mr. Smith has the following children:  Nellie C., who married Samuel McMurray, and is the mother of two children, Mildred and Howard; Irene, who married William Quinn; and Glenna, wife of William Burhans.




Peter G. Barnes has been an active factor in the Village of Ballard in Santa Barbara County for a number of years, and his business and his influence count for much in that community.


Born in Georgetown, Clay County, Illinois, September 8, 1861, a son of Pheland G. and Margaret J. (Green) Barnes, he grew up on his father’s farm in Clay County, and attended the common schools.  On leaving home he went to Texas, spending two years in that vast

commonwealth working in different sections, and from there came west to Santa Maria, California.  He was at Santa Maria one year, and then began learning the blacksmith’s trade at Los Alamos, in Santa Barbara County.  Since his apprenticeship he has made blacksmithing his regular vocation, but for several years he traveled as a journeyman blacksmith, covering most of the southwestern and middle states and was engaged in black-smithing, railroading and other lines of work.


In 1907 Mr. Barnes returned to California and located in Ballard, where he has since conducted the chief blacksmithing and iron working establishment, and with a growing patronage and prosperity.  He is an active member of the Knights of Pythias.


In June, 1895, Mr. Barnes married Edith Storey at Fruitland, Missouri.  He is the father of two children: Charles E. and Gladys M., wife of William Snyder.





Beginning life under adverse circumstances, upon the lower rung of the ladder of attainments, Richard D. Jones, proprietor of the leading eating house in Santa Barbara, has made diligent use of his faculties and opportunities, and by untiring energy and close application to the work in which he might be engaged, has met with good success in his ventures.  He was born in Van Wert, Ohio, July 29, 1878, a son of Thomas and Ann Jones.


Brought up on a farm in Ohio, Richard D. Jones had very limited educational advantages as a lad.  Arriving in Los Angeles, February 12, 1898, at the age of twenty without a cent he started at $20 per month at Van Nuy’s Hotel, filling every position to steward, serving there in the latter capacity for seven consecutive years.  Coming from there to Santa Barbara, Mr. Jones was here steward at the Potter Hotel for seven years, gaining much knowledge and a wide experience that has since proved most useful to him.  Starting in business for himself, he opened a cafeteria at 916 State Street, May, 1913, and is conducting it with most satisfactory pecuniary results, having won a generous patronage among the traveling public and the city dwellers,  more especially among those people who recognize and appreciate prompt service, and cleanly, hygienic conditions. Mr. Jones is energetic and enterprising, and on July 20, 1915, enlarged his operations by opening a dairy lunch room in connection with a first class bakery, since made famous for its pies, cakes, bread, etc., which he is managing with characteristic success, his many customers being highly pleased with the good food served, and with the prompt and careful attention each one receives.


Mr. Jones married in June 1907, in Santa Barbara, Miss Pauline Keiser, and they have one son, Richard M. Jones.




Apparently every business enterprise and activity of Mr. Justus C. Fast has been prospered, and he is one of the large property owners of Santa Barbara and a very prominent rancher in that county.  His position in the community is not due alone to his material interests, since he is a citizen of the finest public spirit and is noted for his generosity and helpfulness in every movement for the public welfare.


Though a resident of this section of California nearly all his life, Mr. Fast was born near Pella, Iowa, March 4, 1872, a son of Salathiel and Margaret (Hill) Fast.  His father was born in Ohio and his mother in West Virginia.  When Justus was two years of age the parents moved to Goleta, California, were on a ranch there for many years, and are now both living retired in Santa Barbara.


The public schools of Goleta gave Justus C. Fast his early education until he was about seventeen years of age.  After a brief experience in the LaPatera mines he was in the cigar business at Stockton from 1894 to 1896, and in the latter year returned to Santa Barbara County and bought nineteen acres which he has developed as a fine fruit and agricultural farm.  He also conducts a cigar business and pool room at State and Haley streets in Santa Barbara, his place of business being in the Central Hotel Building, which he owns, and the greater part of which he leases for business purposes.  His home is on his ranch at Goleta.


Mr. Fast is a republican and a member of the Knights of Pythias.  On July 17, 1901, in Goleta he married Miss Angeline J. Kellogg, a daughter of P. E. and Sarah (Montgomery) Kellogg.  They are the parents of two children: Norval C. and Marian Angeline.





The business activities of Joseph Guidotti would classify him as one of the pioneers in the daily industry of Santa Barbara County.  He has had a long and successful experience as a dairyman, and conducts one of the largest institutions of that kind at Los Alamos.


Born in Switzerland December 1, 1865, a son of Peter and Mary Guidotti, he had a thorough training in the dairy methods which have been developed to so high a degree of perfection by the Swiss people.  He attended the public schools of his native land until he was fourteen, and thereafter was employed on dairy farms until he came to America at the age of eighteen.  Locating at Lompoc, California, he worked as a farm hand two years, and in 1889 with his cousin Peter Guidotti established a dairy farm at Lompoc.  In 1893 Joseph bought out his partner, continued alone in the business at Lompoc for four years, and then removed to Casmalia, where he conducted a fine dairy farm for twelve years.


In 1909 he transferred his location to Los Alamos, and the extent of his business can be understood by the fact that he employs about 3,000 acres of rented land as grazing land and for the purpose of growing feed for his herd.  He and his cousin Peter Guidotti also own a 200-acre dairy ranch and farm at San Diego.


In 1894, at Lampoc, Mr. Guidotti married Miss Mary Guidotti.  Mrs. Guidotti died in 1905 leaving the following children: Elverzio, Romalda, Albert, Cora and Lillian.  For his second wife Mr. Guidotti returned to Switzerland and in 1906 married Theresa Guidotti.





With the skill, experience and energy of such men as Peter Guidotti the dairy industry has made great progress in Santa Barbara County and Mr. Guidotti is one of the most prominent men in that business in this section of California.


He spent his early life in a country famed for its milk products, having been born in Switzerland August 20, 1864.  His parents were Louis and Theresa Guidotti.  He attended the public schools of Switzerland until he was fourteen and thereafter was employed on dairy farms and vineyards of his native land until the age of twenty.


Coming to the New World to seek his fortune, Mr. Guidotti located in California at Lompoc, and remained there until 1898.  His next location was at Gaviota, where renting some land from the Hollister estate he established a dairy farm.  He introduced some first class stock, and with the success of that enterprise was encouraged to move to Los Alamos in 1907.  Here he established one of the largest dairies of Santa Barbara County and has been conducting it in a highly prosperous manner ever since.  He rents 3,000 acres.  In partnership with his cousin J. Guidotti he also owns a 200-acre dairy farm near San Diego, but that is under the management of a tenant.


In Lompoc in January, 1890, he married Miss Louisa Guidotti.  Their children are named Alfred, Lewis Alfonse, Claudina, Josie and Neta.





“From Maine to California” is a familiar rhetorical flourish often employed to signify the extent of the United States or of an individual man’s interests and travels therein.  It also serves in this particular case to describe the progress of Mr. Charles C. Teague from birth to the present time.  He was born at Caribou, Maine, June 11, 1873, but since early manhood has found his home and interests in California.


To those familiar with the citrus and nut growing industries of California, the name of Charles C. Teague needs no introduction.  He has been one of the most aggressive leaders in the co-operative movement which has been developed to its highest point of efficiency in California for the purpose of marketing fruit crops.  Mr. Teague is an old and experienced fruit grower, and as a business man ranks among the foremost in the state.


His parents were Milton D. and Clara (Collins) Teague.  His father, who was born in Caribou, Maine, in 1849, was educated and became a merchant there, but in 1880 brought his family to the Middle West and at Salina, Kansas, organized the First National Bank, of which he was cashier and manager until about two years before coming to California.

In 1893 he completed the journey which he had begun on the Atlantic side of our country and arrived in Ventura County.  His death occurred in this state in August of that year.


Charles C. Teague received his early education chiefly in the schools of Kansas and in St. John’s Military Academy at Salina In 1893 he came with his father and mother to Santa Paula, California, and spent one year working in the orchards of N. W. Blanchard.  While Mr. Teague is not “to the manner born” in California, he is today as prominently identified with some of its horticultural operations, more particularly as a lemon grower, as any other man in the West.


His first independent venture on leaving the Blanchard orchards was with his father in the purchase of twenty acres near Santa Paula, which he planted in a lemon grove and which is still in the possession of the family.  His intimate knowledge of fruit growing and his executive ability have brought him many large interests. In 1896 he was made manager of the Santa Paula Horse and Cattle Company.  He also took the management of W. L. Hardison’s extensive interests in Ventura County, and managed them until Mr. Hardison gradually sold his holdings there.


In 1898 Mr. Teague was made vice president and general manager of the Limonera Company, which at that time owned 412 acres planted in lemons.  In 1907, when 100 acres of this lemon grove were nipped by the frost, the acreage was replanted in walnuts.  In 1906 the company bought the Oliveland Ranch, comprising of 2,300 acres.  Of this 600 acres are planted in lemons, 500 acres in hay, 240 acres in English walnuts, and the rest in grazing land. The company employs an average of 300 men continuously, and during the last season shipped 400 carloads of lemons.  Mr. Teague has the active management of one of the largest lemon groves in the world, and the high degree of success which has come to the company can safely be credited to Mr. Teague more than to any other individual.


The Limonera Company is of such importance in Southern California that it deserves more than incidental description.  From an article which appeared in the California Citrograph in December, 1915, are taken some facts which are of general interest to all the people of Ventura County.  The Limonera Company was organized by Nathan W. Blanchard and N. L. Hardison in 1892 and the first plantings to lemons were made in 1893, the original grove consisting of 260 acres of lemons, which at the time came near being the world’s record for one orchard.  This was the nucleus of the great Limonera orchards, which have since been developed under Mr. Teague’s management until there are now 900 acres in lemons, of various ages.  The Limonera properties lie along the foothills four miles west of Santa Paula.  The company has private wells available for irrigation, and also has 200 inches of water from the farmers’ ditch.  There is every facility for the handling and care of the trees, including fumigation and spraying outfits.  The Limonera brands are justly famous, and are shipped and marketed through the California Fruit Growers Exchange.  The principal brands are “Selected,” “Loma,””Bridal Veil” and “White Cross.”  A special characteristic of these lemons is their fine keeping quality, and this and other reasons account for the premium of from 50 to 75 cents per box which the Limonera brands command in the markets.


The company has about $90,000 invested in “frost insurance.”  About 65,000 oil heaters are used in the groves, averaging about 112 pots to the acre in the full grown orchards.  The system was so complete that in 1913, when the frost destroyed many of the California groves, the company shipped a large crop.  To furnish oil for the heaters the company has two great cement reservoirs with a capacity of 100,000 gallons each and also two 5,000-barrel tanks, located on the higher ground, from which oil flows by gravity to the orchards.  Not only is the equipment as nearly perfect as any, but there is a complete discipline of the forces of men in the employ of the company, and when frost threatens a small army are available to keep the pots burning and regular reports are made from all sections of the grove by telephone to the central offices.


The land now used by the Limonera Company was formerly bean growing land, and only two or three men were required to handle the crop of beans, whereas now several hundred are continuously employed in the lemon groves, and the value of the crop taken from the orchards is proportionately as many times more valuable as the old crop of lima beans.


The officers of the Limonera Company are: N. W. Blanchard, president; C. C. Teague, vice president and general manager; N. W. Blanchard, Jr., secretary; R. L. Churchill, treasurer and sales manager.  The directors are N. W. Blanchard, Sr., N. W. Blanchard, Jr., A. C. Hardison, Guy Hardison and C. C. Teague.


When Mr. Teague took the management of the Limonera Company eighteen years ago the methods were crude and he developed the method of curing lemons which is largely used throughout the state.  It is known as “The Tent System.”  The Limonera ranch has been an experimental farm for many years, and has tried out and developed the best methods of growing, curing and packing lemons.  Under Mr. Teague’s management the ranch has become a sort of mecca for fruit growers all over California, and these growers come every year or so for the purpose of studying the improvements in production and packing.


Mr. Teague is now president of the First National Bank of Santa Paula, president and manager of the Teague McKevett Company, which owns 200 acres of lemon orchards; is general manager of the Santa Paula Waterworks; general manager of the Thermal Belt Walter Company.  He is a Mason, a member of the Los Angeles Athletic Club and a republican voter.


In November, 1897, Mr. Teague married Miss Harriet McKevett of Santa Paula, daughter of C. H. McKevett, whose sketch appears elsewhere in this volume.  They have three children: Alice, attending the Santa Paula High School; Milton M., now fourteen years of age and a student in the public schools; and Charles M., aged seven.


It is one thing to grow fine products and yet another to realize a profitable return on them.  Getting the value is strictly the results of co-operation on the part of growers.  For many years, Mr. Teague has given much of his time to developing and perfecting the co-operative organization, particularly the California Walnut Growers Association.  He was largely instrumental in bringing this organization, of which he has been and is now president.  This association markets about 70 per cent of all the walnuts produced in California.  It is the parent organization with twenty-two local associations which individually gather the nuts direct from the growers, process them and prepare them for market, leaving to the parent organization the greater task of distributing and marketing the nuts.


The association not only properly distributes the nuts so as to provide a good market condition for the crop, but also markets the products at cost.  Last year it saved to the growers nearly $100,000 market charges alone, besides making stable market condition.


Walnuts are standardized and shipped under one brand, and the twenty-two unit associations pack and ship under the supervision of the parent company.  The nuts are standardized under a uniform grade and packed under the brand of the parent association.  They are sold direct to grocers in the East, who deal direct with the trade.  As a result of this arrangement the brokerage has been reduced from 6 to 3 per cent.  They have also been able to establish a “crack” so that brokers can depend upon 90 per cent good nuts.  As a result the association’s products have a good standing with the trade, and it has been possible to maintain reasonable prices.


Mr. Teague is also a member and director of the California Fruit Growers Exchange, which markets the citrus crop of California.  The exchange last year marketed 30,000 carloads of oranges and lemons, and returned $28,000,000 to the growers.  Without these two strictly co-operative growers’ organizations the citrus and walnut business in California would not be worth the enterprise of the individual growers, since both crops for a number of years past have been nearing the point of over-production.  It was necessary to have a large organization which would be in a position to advertise nationally and keep consumption apace with the production and to distribute these products properly at all times.  To do this intelligently and successfully requires about as high an order of business ability as can be found in any big business.


These two organizations are of greatest importance to the well being of the State of California, since the walnut and citrus crops are two of the most important grown in the state.  Mr. Teague has long recognized that only through the development of these co-operative agencies could the horticultural and agricultural interests be on a permanently prosperous basis.  He has given freely of his time to perfect both of the associations.




A popular and well-patronized garage man, Fred Tunnell is intimately associated with the development and advancement of the industrial and business interests of his home town, Los Alamos, and is kept busily employed by the many autoists living in this vicinity, or passing through the town on pleasure or business bent.  He is a native son of California, his birth having occurred October 14, 1876, at Ukiah, Mendocino County, while his father, Frank Tunnell, who was also of California birth, was born in Santa Maria, Santa Barbara County.


Frank Tunnell was the son of Martin Luther Tunnell, one of the earlier settlers of the Golden State, and a pioneer of the Santa Maria Valley.  Becoming well versed in agriculture when young, he became a farmer from choice, and in course of time became owner of considerable land, and is now successfully operating his home ranch at Los Olivos, and a large stock ranch in the mountains.  His good wife, whose maiden name was Emma Hopper, was born and bred in Santa Rosa and was likewise of pioneer descent.


Acquiring his preliminary education in Santa Maria, Fred Tunnell completed his early studies in Santa Barbara, attending the public schools and Hoover’s Business College.  An agricultural career having no charms for him, he sought other work when young, and for eleven years was in the employ of the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, beginning as fireman, and later running both freight and passenger trains between San Francisco and Santa Barbara.  Severing his connection with that company, Mr. Tunnell was for four years associated with the oil industry, working in the Santa Maria fields.


Locating then in Los Alamos, he opened an up-to-date garage, putting in all the most approved equipments and appliances, and is building up an extensive and highly remunerative business.


Mr. Tunnell married, September 5, 1900, in Los Alamos, Miss Cora Hartley, who was born in Kansas, a daughter of L. P. Hartley.  Three children have been born of the union of Mr. and Mrs. Tunnell, namely: La Verne, James and Muriel.  Fraternally Mr. Tunnell is a member of Hesperian Lodge No. 694, Ancient Free and Accepted Order of Masons, of Santa Barbara; and belongs also to the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers.




The numerous land transactions in which the name of Edgar D. Goodenough has appeared in Ventura County, his present extensive holdings, his important operations as a citrus fruit grower and farmer, have made him one of the prominent men of this section, where he has spent the greater part of his life.


His father O. J. Goodenough was also a well known Ventura County citizen.  Born in Watertown, New York, February 9, 1836, he lived in the East until young manhood.  In 1856, going to Galesburg, Illinois, he remained there two years and then entered the nursery business.  His next removal was to Magnolia, Iowa, where he was employed as a teacher until 1861.  In that year he enlisted for service in the Union army at the call for three months’ volunteers.  From 1862 to 1863 he was employed as wagon master for the Government, carrying supplies to various western posts, and having about sixty Government wagons in the train.  That gave him a practical experience in the freighting business as then conducted over those vast western territories where as yet no railroad had appeared.  On leaving the Government service in 1863 he began hauling freight independently between Salt Lake City and Virginia City, Montana.  He spent two years in that hazardous occupation and then returned to Magnolia, Iowa, where once more he taught school for a year.  Moving to Logan, Iowa, he was a contractor and builder for three years, and then located on a farm near Pigeon, Iowa, where he lived until 1875.


In that year O. J. Goodenough came west to Ventura, spent six months as a carpenter, and then removing to Saticoy bought forty-two acres which he farmed until 1883.  Selling out he moved to the Sespe Grant, bought 320 acres, and occupied it as a farm and stock ranch until his death, June 11, 1895.  He also contracted and built some of the first buildings of Fillmore including the first school building and the first church.  He was a member of the Masonic order and the Order of Foresters and at one time served as justice of the peace at Saticoy.  Politically he was a republican.  He was one of the organizers and one of the first elders of the Fillmore Presbyterian Church.


In Magnolia, Iowa, September 6, 1866, O. J. Goodenough married Miss Zedora Helen Tietsort, a native of Michigan and now residing in Fillmore.  There were five children: Mrs. R. A. Holley and Mrs. Harry W. Hiller, both of Sespe, Ventura County; Glen C., deceased; Earle O. of Fillmore and Edgar D. of Santa Paula.


Edgar D. Goodenough, who was born at Logan, Iowa, August 5, 1868, and was seven years of age when his parents came to California, gained most of his early education in Ventura County, when he attended the public schools until 1883.  Following that he was an employe on his father’s ranch and at the age of eighteen became chain man for the civil engineer engaged in subdividing the Sespe Rancho.  After one year in that work he put in two years at teaming in the stone quarry in the Sespe canyon, and was then on his father’s ranch until 1890.  Mr. Goodenough afterwards worked as an employe on the Kellogg ranch a year, rented ninety acres on the Sespe for two years, and in 1893 bought seven acres in the Sespe Canyon.  This land he set out in lemons, and while developing it he also for thirteen years had the supervision of the citrus groves owned by J. D. McNab of Riverside.  In 1896 he bought twenty-two acres on the Sespe, and this land is devoted to bean culture.  Seventeen acres bought by Mr. Goodenough in 1900 in the Sespe canyon has since been developed by him, ten acres of the tract being in oranges.  Associated with Mr. Stowe he bought in 1906 eleven acres at Fillmore, and that has been subdivided and sold under the name of the Stowe-Goodenough subdivision, which was the first subdivision put on the market at Fillmore.  In 1907 he acquired eighteen acres more on Sespe Avenue, ten acres of which are now in oranges.  A thirty-acre purchase made in 1908 in the Sespe canyon has been developed by the planting of twenty acres in lemons, and he has since sold five acres of the lemon grove.  In the same year he changed his residence from Sespe to Santa Paula, purchasing the home where he now resides at 302 Santa Barbara Street.  In 1909 he and Mr. Leavens of Santa Paula bought 560 acres near Piru, and this valuable tract is now divided seventy acres in apricots, seventy acres in lemons, 200 acres in hay, five acres in alfalfa and the rest in pasture.  His most recent purchases were six acres in the Sespe canyon in 1914 and twenty-two acres on the east side of the Sespe Creek adjoining other holdings of his, and an apiary located in Castaic Canyon in Los Angeles County.


Mr. Goodenough served as a member of the board of city trustees of Santa Paula from 1910 to 1916, two years of the time as chairman of the board.  He was supervisor of roads at Fillmore from 1903 to 1906.  He is a director of the Fillmore Irrigation Company and with the exception of two years has been on the board since 1896.  He was also one of the first stockholders of the first newspaper published at Fillmore.  Mr. Goodenough is a republican, and as a Presbyterian, he was an elder in the First Presbyterian  Church recommended him as its delegate to the Santa Barbara Prebytery, which body elected him to act as delegate in behalf of the Fillmore Church to the General Assembly held in Des Moines, Iowa, in 1906.  Fraternally Mr. Goodenough is a member of the Woodmen of the World.


In Ventura County February 13, 1890, he married Miss Mattie Akers.  Mrs. Goodenough is a native of Utah, where she was born while her parents were on their way to California over the ox team route.  Her mother, Mrs. Sarah Akers is still living in Santa Paula, enjoying a vigorous old age.  John Akers, her father, came to Ventura in 1868 and took up government land where the Sespe Avenue now runs.  This land was later surveyed into the More Grant, and Mr. Akers with many other settlers was dispossessed of his holdings.  He then moved down to the Orchard Ranch, where he lived two years, and then bought land in the Sespe, which he conducted as a farm and stock ranch until his death on May 6, 1885.  He was one of the first white settlers in Ventura County.


Mr. and Mrs. Goodenough have one son, Paul, aged twenty-two, who is a successful young rancher in Ventura County.  In 1913 at Bardsdale he married Rosabel Mayhew, a  daughter of M. R. Mayhew of Bardsdale.  They are the parents of an infant son, Dwight, the only grandchild of Mr. and Mrs. Goodenough.





Identifying himself with Santa Barbara County in 1912 as a rancher, Mr. Charles W. Dabney is one of the men most socially prominent in the City of Santa Barbara, and all his associations and tastes are such as to give him an influential position in any community.


He was born at Fayal, in the Azore Islands, June 5, 1867, a son of Samuel W. and Harriet (Webster) Dabney.  From the year 1807 a member of the Dabney family served almost continuously as an American Consul in the Azore Islands, and that was the position occupied by Mr. Dabney’s father and grandfather.


He was sent to the United States for his education and attended St. Mark’s School in Massachusetts until about eighteen.  He also had instruction from a private tutor for four years.  After leaving school Mr. Dabney came out to California, spent several years ranching in San Diego County and then returned to Boston, Massachusetts, actively connected with the real estate business until 1912.  In that year he returned to California and has since been ranching in Santa Barbara County.


During his residence in Massachusetts Mr. Dabney served five years in the state militia.  He is a member of the governing board and secretary of the Santa Barbara Polo Club, a member of the Santa Barbara County Club and the Santa Barbara Club.  In Middletown, Connecticut October 16, 1899, he married Lucy Hubbard Russell.  Their two children are Charles W., Jr. and Samuel Russell.





To the eastern mind a ranch of forty-three acres is not large, but even the eastern mind changes its view when it takes into consideration that land in the fertile valleys of Southern California will bring from $1,000 to $2,000 per acre in the open market.  J. Harvey Steele, when he died in 1895, left to his wife and son a tract of forty-three acres in the Santa Clara Valley in Ventura County, all planted to apricots and all in bearing condition.  It was one of the finest ranges of its kind in the valley, and still is, having been well kept up to the standard set for it by its owner when it came into the care of Harvey Roy Steele in recent years.


Born in Ventura county, on October 23, 1882, Harvey Roy Steele is the son of J. Harvey and Katherine (Olmsted) Steele.  The father was a Missourian, born in Polk County in 1840, and he was reared on his father’s stock farm and educated in the public schools of his home community.  While still in his teens he crossed the plains in the ‘50s and found his way to California.  He settled in Sonoma County, occupied himself with ranching and was identified with ranch life there until the early ‘70s.  It was then he came to Ventura County, and he first settled on a tract in the Mission Grant, where he farmed until 1876.  Then, with his brother, Allan T. Steele, he purchased a tract of 110 acres in the Santa Clara to apricots and worked up his acreage to a splendid state of productiveness.  When he died in 1895 he left to his wife and son forty-three acres of the finest land in the valley.


Two children were born to J. Harvey and Katherine Steele.  One of them survives.  He is Harvey Roy of this review.  He was thirteen years old when his father died, and his schooling after that time was limited, for he early took charge of the work of the place, and has proved himself equal to the task he set himself.  In recent years Mrs. Steele has divided the ranch, and his share he has planted to walnut trees, a crop that seldom fails in Ventura County.


Mr. Steele is one of the progressive young men of his community.  He is a democrat in politics, attends the Congregational Church and is unmarried.





The ability to manage successfully a farm and ranch is one of the sure means to influential position in affairs in this section of California.  By a long experience in the Middle West and also in California, Robert Vogel is a master of the various branches of agriculture and animal husbandry and is also a capable business executive and skilled in the handling of men and resources.


By hard work and these other qualifications he is now foreman of the Oak Glenn Ranch of LaPatera in Goleta.  He was born at St. Joseph, Missouri, August 16, 1884, a son of John G. and Alice (Launenberger) Vogel.  When he was a small child his parents removed to the State of Kansas and he lived there and attended the public schools until he was sixteen.  Leaving school he began working on farms, and was employed in the agricultural district in several sections of the Middle West until 1910.  Then following a year of employment with the city fire department of Milwaukee, he came in 1911 to Santa Barbara.


Mr. Vogel was employed as a hand on the Bishop Ranch until 1914, and was then made foreman of Mr. Bishop’s Oak Glenn Ranch, which comprises 100 acres and is being cultivated intensively to some of the staple crops of this section.


Mr. Vogel is himself the owner of five acres on Central Avenue, but his is under lease to a tenant.  Politically he is independent.  At. San Diego, March 14, 1915, he married Miss Minnie Erdmann.  They have one child, Margaret Marian.





One of the finest bean and hog ranches in the vicinity of Naples is now being conducted by the Smith brothers, James and Charles A., Jr.  Mr. James Smith as well as his brother is a native of Santa Barbara County and the family has been long and prominently identified with this part of the state.


Born at Goleta December 8, 1889, a son of Charles A. and Barbara (Dawson) Smith, Mr. James Smith grew up in the La Patera district and attended district schools there until he was fourteen years of age.  A natural genius for mechanics and for farming operations, together with a thorough training and experience, have afforded good reasons for Mr. Smith’s success.


After leaving school he worked on a ranch with his father for three years, and then learned the blacksmith trade, which he followed in Goleta and Santa Ynez up to 1914.  Then associating himself with his brother Charles he leased 450 acres near Naples, and the brothers have carried on their operations on an extensive scale, their chief crop being beans, and their specialty in livestock being hogs.


James Smith is a member of the Fraternal Brotherhood and Modern Woodmen of America and worships in the Presbyterian faith.  In Goleta, June 8, 1912, he married Miss Constance Saundy.  Mrs. Smith was born in London, England, a daughter of William G. and Emily (Overall) Smith.  To their marriage was born one child, Charles William.


Charles A. Smith, Jr., who is associated with James Smith in the management of the ranch above referred to was born in Goleta November 11, 1893.  His schooling at La Patera was concluded when he was about twelve years of age, and he then found employment for his energies on his father’s ranch and for about five months attended Hoover Business College in Santa Barbara.  He has been associated with his brother James in farming the 450-acre ranch since 1914.  He is still a bachelor and is a member of the Fraternal Brotherhood.





If anyone can properly be considered an authority on the history of the citrus fruit industry in the Ojai valley of Ventura County, it is Edward S. Thacher, who first became interested in what was then an experimental industry as early as 1887, and has been one of the chief individual producers of the crop now marketed through the Ojai Orange Association for twenty-nine years.


In an interesting article contributed to the California Citrograph in December, 1915, Mr. Thacher reviewed some of the experiences of the pioneer orange growers in the valley.  He recalls the fact that the original orange grower was a Mr. Buckman, a school teacher of Ventura, who had the hardihood and courage, despite the cynicism of his neighbors, to plant about six acres in orange trees during the ‘70s.  Mr. Buckman in spite of many difficulties and lack of financial means demonstrated the fact that the valley could produce oranges of marked excellence for flavor and general quality.  After Mr. Buckman began sending his fruit to the market and getting returns, others naturally followed his example, until at the time Mr. Thacher wrote about 600 acres were planted in oranges in the entire valley.  The Ojai valley not only produces an orange of splendid quality, but has the advantage of situation in the matter of frosts, which seldom if ever have made it necessary to use protective means to safeguard the fruit from injury.  The early crop of oranges had to be transported over rough roads many miles to the nearest transportation center at Ventura, until the modern era of railroads and improved highways.  The growers also packed and sold their fruit individually, but for the past five or six years have adopted the advantages of co-operative handling, and in 1915 the crop from 400 acres, amounting to over 200 cars, was marketed through the Ojai Orange Association.  It should be noted that Mr. Thacher was one of the organizers of the association, and is now its president.


Edward S. Thacker comes of a prominent Connecticut family, closely identified with the history of Yale University and he himself has the inclinations to scholarship, though, largely on account of ill health in his early years, he has lived mostly in the rugged outdoors.


He was born in New Haven, Connecticut, April 18, 1852, a son of Thomas A. and Elizabeth (Day) Thacher.  His father was a distinguished scholar, was born at Hartford, Connecticut, attended local schools there, and graduated from Yale University in 1835.  For two years he taught in the State of Georgia, after which he went abroad and spent a number of years in German universities.  On returning to America he became professor of Latin at Yale University in 1846 and held a chair in that university nearly forty years until his death on April 7, 1886.  At New Haven he married for his first wife Elizabeth Day, daughter of Jeremiah Day, a former president of Yale.  After her death he married August 1, 1860, Elizabeth Sherman.  Her father Roger Sherman was prominent in the shipping business and his father, also Roger Sherman, was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.


Edward S. Thacher attended the public schools of his native city until ten years of age, and in 1868 graduated from the Hopkins Grammar School.  Entering Yale University, he was graduated in 1872, and his first experience after leaving college was as chairman with a railroad surveying crew along the borders between New York and Pennsylvania.  After a summer spent in that occupation he was a teacher in the high school at Montclair, New Jersey, for a year, and after that went abroad.  His plans and intentions at the time were to become an architect.  At Paris, France, he spent two years in the famous Ecole des Beaux Arts and on returning to New York City he was employed in an architect’s office for eight months.  The confining nature of the business and the necessity of living outdoors, caused him to abandon the profession.


The following six months he spent on a farm at Concord, Massachusetts, and the following winter he was in the Catskill Mountains, New York, with James Beecher, a preacher, and a half brother to the famous Henry Ward Beecher.  The next summer he also spent on a farm at Concord, Massachusetts, and realizing that continued health depended upon outdoor occupation, he decided to take up ranching.  He first investigated Minnesota without finding a desirable place to locate, and then developed a cattle ranch on a large tract of prairie owned by Robbins Battell at Victoria in Ellis County, Kansas, until 1880.  Mr. Battell, who lived at Norfolk, Connecticut, then employed him to look after his property holdings at Mishawaka, Indiana, where he remained a year.  Returning to Kansas, Mr. Thacker bought a ranch near Emporia, intending to engage in the cattle business and was also land and title examiner for the Central Loan and Land Company of Emporia.


In 1887 he came to Southern California to look out some land for himself, and in April of that year he and T. S. Krutz and Mr. Leighton bought in partnership ninety acres in the Ojai valley.  About seven acres of this land had already been planted in apricots and Mr. Tracher proceeded to set out forty acres in olives.


In July 1887, they bought what was known as the Buckman Ranch, where Mr. Thacher still lives and which contains the greater part of his orchard acreage.  In 1904 his brother, Thomas Thacher, of New York, joined him in the purchase of what is known as the Greene place, lying west of the Thacher orchard, and also in the purchase of the interests of Mr. Krutz and Mr. Leighton, in the orchards and lands of the former Buckman Ranch and other lands adjoining which they had more recently purchased.


Mr. Thacher has since given most of his time to the management of the orchards and outlying lands.  The orchard planting was increased to about 160 acres planted chiefly to oranges and grapefruit and he is the largest individual grower of oranges in the valley.  The Greene place, mentioned above, of 100 acres, already had a small orchard, but Mr. Thacher has increased it to forty acres in oranges,but has since sold 25 ½ acres of the orchard, retaining the balance.  In 1905 he and his brother incorporated the business as Topa Topa Company, with Thomas Thacher, who lives in New York City as president, and Edward Thacher as manager.  At the present time 134 ½  acres of this ranch are planted in oranges, grapefruit and avocadoes, of which latter fruit Mr. Thacher is one of the first producers who have reached the market.


In 1902 Mr. Thacher organized the Ojai Olive Association, and has been its president ever since.  He is a director of the California Avocado Association.  He is a member of the University Club of Los Angeles, Yale Club of Southern California, Jack Boyd Club of Nordhoff, and politically is a democrat.


In Nordhoff in August, 1890, he married Miss Lucy W. Smith, daughter of Gen. T. C. H. Smith.  Mrs. Thacher died in January, 1915, leaving three children:  Olive Day, who is a graduate of the University of California and now lives at home with her father; Edward, aged twenty-two, a student in the University of California; and Thomas Church, aged twenty-one, attending the University Farm School, at Davis.




The parents of Leonidas D. Hill were pioneers to the community of Goleta, locating there in 1874 when the town was in the struggling stages through which most communities must pass.  They have been identified with the agricultural life of this part of the state since first locating in Goleta and their son is going on with the good work that has made Santa Barbara the agricultural center it has come to be.


Born in Knoxville, Iowa, February 10, 1865, Leonidas D. Hill is the son of George W. and Rhoda Barbara (Wood) Hill.  When nine years of age the family left their Iowa home and traveled to California, locating on a farm in Goleta and Leonidas Hill was reared to manhood there.  When he had finished his schooling he purchased a tract of thirty-five acres and settled down to farming on his own responsibility.  Beans and walnuts are the products of his labors and he has enjoyed a good success with his farm thus far.


In addition to his work at home, Mr. Hill is manager of the bean warehouse at Goleta.


Mr. Hill was married in Point Pleasant, West Virginia, on July 6, 1892, to Miss Ida J. Hill, daughter of R. M. and Emily (Page) Hill.  Three children have come to them - Rhoda E., George D. and M. Earl Hill.


Mr. Hill is a democrat, but not active in local politics.




When Mr. Pool was a boy his fondest ambitions were for a career as architect.  At the age of thirteen his father died, leaving him the head of a family consisting of his mother and three younger children, a sister and two brothers.  Under such conditions and heavy responsibilities the task of securing an education became a very difficult problem.  While setting himself earnestly to the duties which lay nearest at hand, he also took a long look ahead and never lost sight of the star to which he had hitched his wagon.  As a boy he determined that his goal should be a high rank in the architectural profession.  No obstacle seemed too great for him to overcome.  The success he has attained has been due to certain principles and rules of conduct.  One of these was a definite purpose.  He also was strongly determined to succeed, and refused to consider defeat, feeling that whatever was worth doing was worth doing well.  Another factor in his advancement was systematic study, carried on every day, as a youth as well as in mature manhood.  He has neglected none of the stepping stones that lead to success in his exacting calling.  He worked through the different trades connected with architecture, and after a hard day’s work he continued his studies into the night.  He has also followed the rule of purchasing the best books and magazines and from them has derived many new lights on the various problems which come up in the course of his practice.


During the few years of his independent practice Mr. Pool has attained a rank among the leaders of the profession in Southern California.  He practices in Santa Barbara, but has done work in various states of the Union.  Besides architecture he is also an authority on acoustical engineering, having worked out his own formula for determining acoustic qualities.


Born in Waco, Texas, December 18, 1876, he educated himself largely by self application and by constant study.  In 1896 at the age of twenty he took up the earnest study of architecture.  For some years he also continued in the contracting business in order to increase and broaden his experience.


His office as architect and acoustical engineer is now at Santa Barbara.  A large part of his practice is in acoustical engineering.  Some splendid achievements are to his credit in that time.  He was responsible for the arrangement with respect to acoustic properties in the Christian Science Church on West Adams Boulevard in Los Angeles, in St. Mary’s Catholic Church at Phoenix, Arizona, in the Presbyterian Church at Chattanooga, Tennessee, and he has also been called in as a consulting expert on acoustics and other phases of architecture in many other auditoriums on the continent and some of the palatial residences of Southern California.  Mr. Pool drew the plans for the San Marcos Building, the largest business structure in Santa Barbara.


For the past eight years he has served in Santa Barbara as a park commissioner and is a loyal and public spirited citizen of that community.  Politically he is a republican.  In Santa Barbara he married Miss Mabel Young.  They are the parents of two children, Phena and Harry, both of whom are enthusiastic followers of their father’s profession and are studying architecture in his office and lend him a great deal of assistance in various ways.




Worthy of especial note in a work of this character is William Stronach, of Goleta, a fine representative of the enterprising and thriving farmers who have come to this region from a land across the sea, and by means of industry and thrift has accumulated a good property.  A Scotchman by birth and breeding, he was born near Aberdeen, Scotland, November 16, 1869, a son of John and Ann (Skinner) Stronach.


Leaving school when but twelve years of age, William Stronach subsequently served an apprenticeship at the plasterer’s trade, which he followed for about a year.  Determining then to seek his fortune in America, the land of glorious opportunities, he came to Santa Barbara, California, in 1887, and remained in that city a short time.  Subsequently finding work as a farm laborer in Goleta, he settled in the valley, and when he had accumulated a sufficient sum of money wisely invested it in land, buying ten acres of raw land, from which he has improved his well cultivated and finely improved home ranch.  In addition to working his own property, Mr. Stronach, with characteristic enterprise and energy, leased 200 acres of near-by land, which he is carrying on successfully, in connection with general farming making a specialty of raising beans.  Although not active in politics, he is identified with the democratic party.


In November, 1893, in Santa Barbara, Mr. Stronach was united in marriage with Miss Helen Keith, and into their attractive home eight children have been born, one of whom, Mary Jane, died when young; those now living are as follows: Helen, William, Frank, Grace, Raymond, Alice and Louis.





Perhaps the most gratifying success is that which comes at the end of many years of well directed effort and a constant striving for a betterment of one’s material condition.  This is the kind of success which John Francis Sullivan enjoys.  Mr. Sullivan was for many years an employe and by hard and conscientious work finally arrived at the position of independence which he now enjoys as one of the leading ranchers in the vicinity of Naples in Santa Barbara County.


He was born at Montville, Connecticut, February 28, 1859, a son of John F. and Mary (Carey) Sullivan, was educated in the public schools of his native state and in Hinman’s Business College at Worcester, Massachusetts.  For a number of years he was employed at different vocations throughout the New England States.


In 1892 Mr. Sullivan came to California and since that date has been identified with the community at Naples.  For about twenty years he was one of the efficient employes on a ranch, and by experience and by a careful husbanding of his resources was enabled to engage in ranching for himself.  He bought a half interest in Mr. Samuel Myers’ ranch of 136 acres near Naples, and they have developed this as one of the fine fruit farms in that section of Santa Barbara County and both are reaping the benefits of their long experience and industry.


Mr. Sullivan, who is unmarried, is a Catholic, is a democrat, and a member of Council No. 1684 of the Knights of Columbus.




One of the families that has been identified continuously with Ventura County since the decade of the ‘60s is the Warrings, represented by Mr. Hugh Warring of Piru, one of the leading horticulturists, farmers and business men in that vicinity.


His father, Benjamin F. Warring, was a pioneer in this section of California.  Benjamin was born in Tioga County, New York, December 12, 1829, and was reared and educated there.  He had just about reached his majority when the great gold discoveries were made on the Pacific Coast, and in 1850 he came to California by way of the Isthmus of Panama.  His first experience was in running a restaurant in San Francisco for three months.  From there he removed to Santa Clara County, and was employed in the great redwood timber district until 1860.  He bought a farm near San Jose, operated it until 1869, and then sold out and drove overland into Ventura County.  Soon after his arrival he settled in the Santa Clara Valley in that section now known as Buckhorn.  A government claim of 160 acres gave him the land which he devoted to farming for so many years, and it was his home until his death on July 1, 1903.  He was a very prosperous citizen, stood high in the community and was much respected for his many excellent qualities of character.  As to politics he was a republican.  He was a member of the San Jose Cavalry Company in the early days of its formation.  In 1853 Benjamin Warring was married at San Jose to Missouri D. Easley.  Six children were born to them and the two now living are Walter S. of Ventura County and Hugh.


Mr. Hugh Warring was born in San Jose, California, September 23, 1857, and was about twelve years of age when the family removed to Ventura County.  His education in the public schools was concluded a year later and from that time forward he made a hand on his father’s farm.  Arriving at the age of twenty-one he bought fifty acres adjoining the old homestead, and was successfully identified with its cultivation and management until 1913, when he sold that fifty acres.  In 1912 he had bought thirty acres near Piru with twenty acres in lemons and the rest in pasture land.   On the death of his father he inherited 120 acres, and of that property he has sixty acres in oranges and walnuts and the rest in pasture.  His ownership extends to fourteen acres of bean land in Ventura, but he rents this.  Thus his possessions indicate that he one of the most prosperous citizens of Ventura County and he is a man who wisely uses his prosperity.  He is a stockholder in the Fillmore State Bank, is a member of the Fillmore Union High School Board, is a director in the Ventura Co-operative Association, and is a republican and a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and the Masonic Order.


On September 4, 1881, Mr. Warring married Alice Conaway, a native of Stockton, California.  They had a happy married life of fifteen years until her death on June 18, 1896.  Four children were born to them: Edwin Cecil who is thirty-four years of age and is now postmaster at Piru; Alfred A., aged twenty-nine, also engaged in ranching near Piru; and Lester J., who is twenty-five years of age and is connected with the Union Oil Company.  On January 15, 1903, at Piru, Mr. Warring married Orie J. Eaton.  Mrs. Warring is a native of Kansas and a daughter of H. B. Comfort, a retired rancher and now living in Sawtelle.  Two children have been born to this marriage, Benjamin F., aged seven and Chester Arnold, two years old.






Success in any line of endeavor, be it industrial, professional or financial, is gained through the utilizing of the means at hand, the improvement of every opportunity for advancement, and the exercise of good judgment and wise discrimination.  That Frederick H. Rhead, well known throughout Southern California as an expert manufacturer of art pottery, has met with recognized success as an artist in clay is positive proof of his patient courage, intelligence and ability, and mark him as a faithful follower of those world-famed potters of Old Straffordshire, Wedgwood, Whieldon and Woods.


A native of England, he was born August 29, 1880, at Staffordshire Potteries, where his parents, Frederick Alfred and Adolphine (Hurten) Rhead, still reside.  His father, an artist in pottery, was born in England, but his mother claims France as the country of her birth.


Mr. Rhead was educated in England, attending first a parochial school at Stoke-on-Trent, and later the English Government Art School, the Wedgwood Institute.  At the early age of nineteen years he became a teacher in the Longton Government Art School, being one of the youngest teachers ever appointed to such a position, and retained it for three years, after which he was for three years a director of the Wardle Art Pottery Company at Hanley, Staffordshire, England.


Coming to America well equipped for his chosen line of work, Mr. Rhead was for six years a director of the Rozane Potteries at Zanesville, Ohio, and for two years occupied a similar position in the pottery department of the People’s University at St. Louis, Missouri.


With a view of broadening his field of endeavor, Mr. Rhead came to California, and as an associate of Dr. Philip King Brown organized the Arequipa Pottery Company at Fairfax, Marin County.  Coming from there to Santa Barbara in 1913, Mr. Rhead organized the Rhead Pottery Company, Inc., of which he has since been the manager.  In his factory, which is advantageously located at the north edge of the town, on the Mission Road, may be seen some of the most perfect specimens of art pottery ever manufactured, the touch of the individual craftsman being everywhere in evidence, moreover, it is the one and only spot on earth where the actual reproduction of the Chinese mirror, black glaze, can be seen.  After fifteen years of experimenting Mr. Rhead successfully reproduced this glaze, which was originally made by the Chinese in the seventeenth century.  In his efforts to master the secret of its manufacture, Mr. Rhead made over 11,000 formulas before developing the correct one, and as a result these wares are very expensive.  He makes a specialty of manufacturing beautiful architectural and artistic pottery, often of unique and highly artistic designs and decoration, much of which is purchased by the wealthy eastern tourists, although some of his most exclusive productions are to be found in the homes of the cultured people of Montecito and vicinity.


The wonderful productions of Mr. Rhead’s factory are entirely hand made, as are those of the cunning Italian craftsmen, including not only expensive cabinet and museum pieces, but garden ornaments, the larger part of which are of cement construction.  In carrying on his work he uses almost exclusively California clays, obtaining about twenty kinds in Santa Barbara, and the others from National City and Elsinore.  Eventually he expects to use local clays only.  A visit to his workshop is both instructive and interesting, and well worth the time to the near-by resident or the visitor, being far more satisfactory than a view of the fine exhibit of his creations and reproductions which attracted so much attention at the San Diego Exposition, where Rhead Pottery was awarded a Gold Metal.


Politically Mr. Rhead is independent, voting with the courage of his convictions, and has never sought office.  He is a member of the National Society of Craftsmen; of the New York Ceramic Society; and of the American Ceramic Society.





Robert S. Rowe is a business-like farmer and rancher in the rich and attractive country around Goleta in Santa Barbara County.  To farm and make a success of it in California requires those same qualifications of energy, enterprise and intelligent direction which are at the foundation of a business success in any line of endeavor.  Mr. Rowe is abundantly equipped in that respect, and although already independently situated is quite a young man in years.


A resident of California since he was five years of age, he was born in Plymouth, England, January 15, 1878, a son of Herbert William and Eliza (Popplestone) Rowe.  Both parents were born in England and are now deceased, and both represented some old families of Southwestern Britain His father came to America and settled at Goleta in 1883, and there afterward engaged in farming and stock-raising.


While growing up Robert S. Rowe attended the public schools at Goleta, and at the same time secured a practical training in the vocation which has been the object of his best endeavors for a number of years.  No time was lost after he left school before he and his brother Russell engaged in farming.  Subsequently they bought ninety-three acres near Goleta, and that land they have since developed as a valuable olive, lemon and walnut plantation.  The brothers conducted this ranch in a highly profitable manner, and in 1910 they were able to extend their enterprise on a larger scale.  They then bought an additional 138 acres, known as the Buck Place and a quarter of a mile from the original ranch.  Russell Rowe is now the active manager of the second ranch, and that is devoted to walnuts and beans.  Mr. Robert Rowe still gives his active supervision to the ninety-three acre place.


Not yet forty years of age, and extremely busy with his successful farming, Mr. Rowe has found little time for outside interests.  He is a democrat, is a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and the Fraternal Brotherhood of Santa Barbara, and with his family worships in the Catholic Church.


On May 24, 1903, he married Miss Genevieve Pensinger.  Her father, Jacob Pensinger, was one of the old settlers and ranchers at Goleta.  Two children have been born of their union: Barbara and Robert


History of Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo and Ventura Counties, California
by: C M Gidney - Santa Barbara. Benjamin Brooks - San Luis Obispo. Edwin M Sheridan - Ventura
Volumes I & II - Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago, ILL., 1917
Transcribed by: Carol Andrews, February 2009 -  Pages 656-684

                                                                          Site Updated: 3 February 2011
                                                                           Martha A Crosley Graham
                                                                             Rights Reserved: 2011